West Virginia State Standards for Language Arts: Grade 5

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WV.RLA.S.5.1. Reading: Students will apply reading skills and strategies to inform, to perform a task and to read for literacy experience by identifying and using grade appropriate essential reading components (phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, comprehension, and written application) and selecting a wide variety of literature and diverse media to develop independence as readers.

RLA.O.5.1.1. Use root words, prefixes and suffixes to understand words, change word meanings and generate new words appropriate to grade level.

RLA.O.5.1.2. Use a variety of strategies (e.g., etymology, context clues, affixes, synonyms, antonyms) to increase grade-appropriate vocabulary.

RLA.O.5.1.3. Use denotation to understand meaning.

RLA.O.5.1.4. Label the figurative language in text.

RLA.O.5.1.5. Select defining characteristics, construct background knowledge and develop reading skills to understand a variety of literary passages and informational texts by West Virginia, national and international authors:

RLA.O.5.1.5.a. Myth

RLA.O.5.1.5.b. Fantasies

RLA.O.5.1.5.c. Biographies

RLA.O.5.1.5.d. Autobiographies

RLA.O.5.1.5.e. Science fiction

RLA.O.5.1.5.f. Tall tales

RLA.O.5.1.5.g. Supernatural tales

RLA.O.5.1.5.h. Historical fiction

RLA.O.5.1.6. Determine main ideas and locate supporting details in literary passages and informational texts.

RLA.O.5.1.7. Use pre-reading strategies toanalyze text for the type of text to determine comprehension strategies:

RLA.O.5.1.7.a. Previewing

RLA.O.5.1.7.b. Activating prior knowledge

RLA.O.5.1.7.c. Questioning

RLA.O.5.1.7.d. Skimming

RLA.O.5.1.7.e. Scanning

RLA.O.5.1.8. Differentiate and apply comprehension strategies in literary and informational texts to

RLA.O.5.1.8.a. Draw conclusions

RLA.O.5.1.8.b. Predict

RLA.O.5.1.8.c. Use context clues

RLA.O.5.1.8.d. Summarize

RLA.O.5.1.8.e. Judge text critically

RLA.O.5.1.9. Determine the elements of literature (e.g., characterization, conflict, plot) to construct meaning and recognize author's/reader's purpose.

RLA.O.5.1.10. Compare and contrast text connections to self, to other texts and to world cultures in literary and informational texts.

RLA.O.5.1.11. Identify literary techniques used to interpret literature (e.g., compare/contrast or cause/effect).

RLA.O.5.1.12. Read and understand various types of poetry.

RLA.O.5.1.13. Identify the parts of a book, know their purposes and locate information (e.g., table of contents, index, glossary).

RLA.O.5.1.14. Classify and interpret graphic aids (e.g., maps, charts, graphs, tables, timelines).

RLA.O.5.1.15. Increase the amount of independent reading to comprehend, analyze and evaluate literary text and informational text.

WV.RLA.S.5.2. Writing: Students will apply writing skills and strategies to communicate effectively for different purposes by using the writing process, applying grammatical and mechanical properties in writing and selecting and evaluating information for research purposes.

RLA.O.5.2.1. Use the five-step writing process (pre-writing, drafting, revising, editing, publishing) to generate topics, plan and develop a 3 - 5 paragraph composition.

RLA.O.5.2.2. Arrange thoughts and ideas in graphic representations to plan and write a product.

RLA.O.5.2.3. From a prompt, use the writing process to develop a 3-5 paragraph composition with an introductory paragraph, supporting detail paragraph(s), and concluding paragraph that incorporates specific, relevant details.

RLA.O.5.2.4. Use the five-step writing process to write for a specific purpose and for an intended audience (e.g., creative, narrative, informative, journal, friendly letter, business letter).

RLA.O.5.2.5. Write and edit the mechanics and grammar of a variety of sentence types:

RLA.O.5.2.5.a. Simple

RLA.O.5.2.5.b. Compound

RLA.O.5.2.5.c. Declarative

RLA.O.5.2.5.d. Exclamatory

RLA.O.5.2.5.e. Imperative

RLA.O.5.2.5.f. Interrogative

RLA.O.5.2.6. Select and use a variety of resource materials to plan and deliver a short research project, citing references.

RLA.O.5.2.7. Draft analogies, illustrations, examples, or anecdotes to respond to an oral, visual, or written prompt.

RLA.O.5.2.8. Use basic transitional words to signal organization of a composition.

WV.RLA.S.5.3. Listening, Speaking and Media Literacy: Students will apply listening, speaking and media literacy skills and strategies to communicate with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.

RLA.O.5.3.1. Exhibit effective oral communication skills (e.g., rate, audience, etiquette, standard English) through the presentation of

RLA.O.5.3.1.a. Readers theater

RLA.O.5.3.1.b. Choral reading

RLA.O.5.3.1.c. Personal narratives

RLA.O.5.3.1.d. Recitations (poetry, historical documents)

RLA.O.5.3.1.e. Dramatizations

RLA.O.5.3.2. Compare and contrast personal experiences to oral/visual information.

RLA.O.5.3.3. Listen and respond to different literary forms and speakers (e.g. summarize and paraphrase to confirm understanding, recount personal experiences, listen to information and exhibit comprehension, provide reasons in support of opinions, respond to others' ideas).

RLA.O.5.3.4. Create an age-appropriate media product that demonstrates format, purpose, and audience.

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