# Kentucky State Standards for Mathematics: Grade 5

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KY.PS. Program of Studies 2006

MA-5-NPO. Big Idea: Number Properties and Operations - Whole number sense and addition and subtraction are key concepts and skills developed in early childhood. Students build on their number sense and counting sense to develop multiplication and division. They move flexibly and fluently through basic number facts, operations and representations. Their understanding of the base-10 number system expands to include decimals. They examine various meanings and models of fractions. They explore data, perform measurements and examine patterns as part of the development process for number and operations, using other mathematics strands to enrich number. Elementary number encompasses computational fluency with whole numbers, relationships between decimals and fractions and techniques for reasonable estimations. (Academic Expectations 2.7, 2.8)

MA-5-NPO-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships between numbers and number systems are means of representing real-world quantities.

MA-5-NPO-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that meanings of and relationships among operations provide tools necessary to solve realistic problems encountered in everyday life.

MA-5-NPO-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that computing fluently and making reasonable estimates increases the ability to solve realistic problems encountered in everyday life.

MA-5-NPO-S-NS1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will read, write, model, order, compare (using relative magnitude) and apply multiple representations of whole numbers.

MA-5-NPO-S-NS2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will compare and apply the relative sizes of common and mixed fractions.

MA-5-NPO-S-NS3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will investigate multiple representations of equivalent fractions (e.g., 1/2, = 3/6, 1 1/2 = 3/2) with manipulatives, drawings and fractional notation.

MA-5-NPO-S-NS4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will explore the use of simple ratios to describe problem situations.

MA-5-NPO-S-NS5. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will explore, investigate, compare, relate and apply relationships among whole numbers, fractions, decimals and percents.

MA-5-NPO-S-NS6. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will read, write, identify and compare decimals through ten-thousandths.

MA-5-NPO-S-PNO1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use factors to determine prime and composite numbers.

MA-5-NPO-S-PNO2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will determine least common multiples.

MA-5-NPO-S-PNO3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will skip-count forwards and backwards with fluency.

MA-5-NPO-S-PNO4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use properties of numbers for written and mental computation (e.g., combine commutative and associative properties to rearrange multiplication exercises such as 4 x (7 x 5) which can be rearranged as (4 x 5) x 7 to simplify the multiplication).

MA-5-NPO-S-NO1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will develop and apply computational procedures to add, subtract, multiply and divide whole numbers using basic facts and technology as appropriate.

MA-5-NPO-S-NO2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will add and subtract fractions with common denominators using manipulatives or symbolic notation.

MA-5-NPO-S-NO3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will add and subtract decimals through one-thousandths using manipulatives or symbolic notation.

MA-5-NPO-S-NO4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will extend multiplication to include one decimal place.

MA-5-NPO-S-NO5. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will explore the effects of operations on numbers.

MA-5-NPO-S-E1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will explore appropriate estimation procedures for different situations.

MA-5-NPO-S-E2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will apply and explain appropriate strategies for estimating quantities of objects and computational results.

MA-5-M. Big Idea: Measurement - Students translate from measuring using nonstandard units to using standard units of measurement. They identify measurable attributes of objects, estimate and measure weight, length, perimeter, area, angles, temperature, time and money. They convert units within the same measurement system. (Academic Expectations 2.10, 2.11)

MA-5-M-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that there are two major measurement systems (U.S. Customary and metric) and either may be used to solve problems.

MA-5-M-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that measurable attributes of objects and the units, systems and processes of measurement are powerful tools for making sense of the world around them.

MA-5-M-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that appropriate techniques, tools and formulas are used to determine measurements.

MA-5-M-U-4. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that for each situation, there is an appropriate degree of accuracy in measurement.

MA-5-M-S-MPA1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will measure and construct angles to the nearest degree.

MA-5-M-S-MPA2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use charts and tables to determine time schedules, work with time zones and estimate time.

MA-5-M-S-MPA3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will apply standard units of measure to length, weight, temperature and liquid capacity.

MA-5-M-S-MPA4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will choose and use appropriate tools (e.g., protractor, angle ruler, meter stick, ruler) for measurement tasks.

MA-5-M-S-MPA5. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use measures to identify, describe, sort and compare attributes of objects.

MA-5-M-S-MPA6. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use standard units to determine area and perimeter of triangles and rectangles and volume of rectangular prisms and apply these skills to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

MA-5-M-S-MPA7. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will estimate weight, length, perimeter, area and angles using appropriate units of measurement.

MA-5-M-S-MPA8. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will solve problems involving money.

MA-5-M-S-SM1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will relate and convert units (e.g., linear, volume, weight) within a measurement system (e.g., 125 cm = 1m 25 cm).

MA-5-M-S-SM2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will convert units within the U.S. monetary system.

MA-5-M-S-SM3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will convert units of time and determine elapsed time.

MA-5-M-S-SM4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will describe, define, give examples of and use to solve real-world and/or mathematical problems both nonstandard and standard (U.S. Customary, metric) units of measurement to include length, time, money, temperature (Fahrenheit and Celsius) and weight.

MA-5-G. Big Idea: Geometry - Students explore and find basic geometric elements and terms, two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects. They find and use symmetry. They move two-dimensional figures in a plane and explore congruent and similar figures. (Academic Expectation 2.8, 2.9)

MA-5-G-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that characteristics and properties of two-dimensional figures and three-dimensional objects describe the world and are used to develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships and to evaluate the arguments of others.

MA-5-G-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that representational systems, including coordinate geometry, are means for specifying locations and describing spatial relationships and are organizers for making sense of the world around them.

MA-5-G-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that transformations and symmetry are used to analyze real-world situations (e.g., art, nature, construction and scientific exploration).

MA-5-G-U-4. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand shape and area are conserved during mathematical transformations (flips, slides and turns).

MA-5-G-U-5. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that visualization, spatial reasoning and geometric relationships model real-world situations.

MA-5-G-S-SR1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will identify and model basic two-dimensional figures and three-dimensional objects by appearance and in different orientations (e.g., representations of different views of figures and objects).

MA-5-G-S-SR2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will classify angles as acute, right, or obtuse.

MA-5-G-S-SR3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will describe and provide examples of basic geometric elements and terms and apply these elements to solve real-world problems.

MA-5-G-S-SR4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will describe and provide examples of basic two-dimensional figures and three-dimensional objects and apply these to solve real-world problems.

MA-5-G-S-SR5. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will identify and describe congruent and similar figures in real-world or mathematical situations.

MA-5-G-S-CG1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will identify and graph ordered pairs on a positive coordinate system.

MA-5-G-S-CG2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will locate points on a grid.

MA-5-G-S-CG3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will apply graphing in the coordinate system to solve real-world problems.

MA-5-G-S-TS1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will describe and provide examples of line symmetry in real-world situations and apply line symmetry to construct simple geometric designs.

MA-5-G-S-TS2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will identify and draw basic two-dimensional shapes in different orientations using 90 degree rotations (turns) around a point of rotation, reflections (flips) and translations (slides) within a plane.

MA-5-DAP. Big Idea: Data Analysis and Probability - Students pose questions, plan and collect data, organize and display data and interpret displays of data. They generate outcomes for simple probability activities, determine fairness of probability games and explore likely and unlikely events. (Academic Expectations 2.7, 2.8, 2.13)

MA-5-DAP-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that quantitative literacy is a necessary tool to be an intelligent consumer and citizen.

MA-5-DAP-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that the collection, organization, interpretation and display of data can be used to answer questions.

MA-5-DAP-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that the choice of data display can affect the visual message communicated.

MA-5-DAP-U-4. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that inferences and predictions from data are used to make critical and informed decisions.

MA-5-DAP-U-5. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that for a given set of data, the measures of central tendency (mean and median) can be different.

MA-5-DAP-U-6. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that probability can be used to make decisions or predictions or to draw conclusions.

MA-5-DAP-S-DR1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will choose and use appropriate means to collect and represent data.

MA-5-DAP-S-DR2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will explore line graphs to show change over time.

MA-5-DAP-S-DR3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will pose questions and choose an appropriate method to collect, organize and display student-collected data to answer the questions.

MA-5-DAP-S-DR4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will analyze and make inferences from data displays (e.g., drawings, tables/charts, tally tables, pictographs, bar graphs, circle graphs, line plots, Venn diagrams, line graphs).

MA-5-DAP-S-DR5. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use a variety of tools (e.g., graph paper, manipulatives, models, computer) to construct data displays (e.g., pictographs, bar graphs, line plots, line graphs, Venn diagrams, tables).

MA-5-DAP-S-ES1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will pose questions and collect, organize, display and interpret data to answer the questions.

MA-5-DAP-S-CD1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will draw conclusions and make predictions based on data.

MA-5-DAP-S-CD2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will develop the meaning and interpretation of the arithmetic mean (average) for numerical data.

MA-5-DAP-S-CD3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will determine the mean, median, mode and range of a set of data and use the results to answer questions about the set of data.

MA-5-DAP-S-P1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will determine the possible outcomes of simple probability experiments that are conducted by using manipulatives

MA-5-DAP-S-P2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will determine the likelihood of an event and represent that likelihood in numerical terms.

MA-5-DAP-S-P3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will examine events and describe their probability as likely or unlikely.

MA-5-DAP-S-P4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use counting techniques, tree diagrams and tables to explore probability experiments.

MA-5-DAP-S-P5. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will determine all possible outcomes of an activity/event with up to 20 possible outcomes.

MA-5-AT. Big Idea: Algebraic Thinking - Students explore and examine patterns and develop rules to go with patterns. They generate input-output for functions and create tables to analyze functions. Students use number sentences with missing values. (Academic Expectations 2.8, 2.11, 2.12)

MA-5-AT-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that patterns, relations and functions are tools that help explain or predict real-world phenomena.

MA-5-AT-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that numerical patterns can be written as rules that generate the pattern.

MA-5-AT-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that algebra represents mathematical situations and structures for analysis and problem solving.

MA-5-AT-U-4. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that real-world situations can be represented using mathematical models to analyze quantitative relationships.

MA-5-AT-U-5. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that functions are used to analyze change in various contexts and model real-world phenomena.

MA-5-AT-U-6. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that functions can be written in words, as a symbolic sentence or in a table.

MA-5-AT-S-PRF1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will create, recognize, extend, find and write rules for patterns.

MA-5-AT-S-PRF2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will generalize a rule for sets of ordered pairs.

MA-5-AT-S-PRF3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will describe input-output functions through pictures, tables and/or words

MA-5-AT-S-PRF4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will construct tables to analyze functions based on real-world or mathematical situations.

MA-5-AT-S-VEO1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will explore unknowns and open sentences to express relationships.

MA-5-AT-S-VEO2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will represent real-world situations with mathematical sentences containing missing values.

MA-5-AT-S-VEO3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use variables or missing values to model verbal descriptions of real-world situations.

MA-5-AT-S-EI1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will apply simple equations and simple inequalities to solve mathematical and/or real-world problems.

MA-5-AT-S-EI2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will model real-world situations with simple number sentences using manipulatives, numbers, variables and/or symbols.

KY.AE. Academic Expectation

AE.1. Students are able to use basic communication and mathematics skills for purposes and situations they will encounter throughout their lives.

1.1. Students use reference tools such as dictionaries, almanacs, encyclopedias, and computer reference programs and research tools such as interviews and surveys to find the information they need to meet specific demands, explore interests, or solve specific problems.

1.2. Students make sense of the variety of materials they read.

1.3. Students make sense of the various things they observe.

1.4. Students make sense of the various messages to which they listen.

1.5-1.9. Students use mathematical ideas and procedures to communicate, reason, and solve problems.

1.10. Students organize information through development and use of classification rules and systems.

1.11. Students write using appropriate forms, conventions, and styles to communicate ideas and information to different audiences for different purposes.

1.12. Students speak using appropriate forms, conventions, and styles to communicate ideas and information to different audiences for different purposes.

1.13. Students make sense of ideas and communicate ideas with the visual arts.

1.14. Students make sense of ideas and communicate ideas with music.

1.15. Students make sense of and communicate ideas with movement.

1.16. Students use computers and other kinds of technology to collect, organize, and communicate information and ideas.

AE.2. Students shall develop their abilities to apply core concepts and principles from mathematics, the sciences, the arts, the humanities, social studies, practical living studies, and vocational studies to what they will encounter throughout their lives.

2.7. Mathematics: Students understand number concepts and use numbers appropriately and accurately.

2.8. Mathematics: Students understand various mathematical procedures and use them appropriately and accurately.

2.9. Mathematics: Students understand space and dimensionality concepts and use them appropriately and accurately.

2.10. Mathematics: Students understand measurement concepts and use measurements appropriately and accurately.

2.11. Mathematics: Students understand mathematical change concepts and use them appropriately and accurately.

2.12. Mathematics: Students understand mathematical structure concepts including the properties and logic of various mathematical systems.

2.13. Mathematics: Students understand and appropriately use statistics and probability.

KY.CC. Core Content for Assessment v.4.1

MA-05-1. Number Properties and Operations: Whole number sense, addition and subtraction are key concepts and skills developed in early childhood. Students build on their number sense and counting sense to develop multiplication and division. They move flexibly and fluently through basic number facts, operations and representations. Their understanding of the base-10 number system expands to include decimals. They examine various meanings and models of fractions. They explore data, perform measurements and examine patterns as part of the development process for number and operations, using other mathematics strands to enrich number. Computational fluency with whole numbers, relationships among decimals and fractions and techniques for reasonable estimations represent elementary number.

MA-05-1.1. Number Sense

MA-05-1.1.1. Students will apply multiple representations (e.g., drawings, manipulatives, base-10 blocks, number lines, expanded form, symbols) to represent whole numbers (0 to 99,999,999); apply multiple representations (e.g., drawings, manipulatives, base-10 blocks, number lines, symbols) to describe commonly-used fractions, mixed numbers, and decimals through thousandths; apply these numbers to represent real-world problems and explain how the base 10 number system relates to place value. DOK 2

MA-05-1.1.2. Students will read, write and rename whole numbers, fractions and decimals and apply to real-world and mathematical problems.

MA-05-1.1.3. Students will compare (<, >, =) and order whole numbers, fractions and decimals and explain the relationships (equivalence, order) between and among them. DOK 2

MA-05-1.2. Estimation

MA-05-1.2.1. Students will apply and describe appropriate strategies for estimating quantities of objects and computational results in real-world problems. DOK 2

MA-05-1.3. Number Operations

MA-05-1.3.1. Students will analyze real-world problems to identify the appropriate mathematical operations and will apply operations to solve real-world problems with the following constraints: add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers (less than 100,000,000), using technology where appropriate; add and subtract fractions with like denominators through 16, with sums less than or equal to one and add and subtract decimals through hundredths. DOK 2

MA-05-1.3.2. Students will skip-count forward and backward.

MA-05-1.3.3. Students will multiply decimals through tenths.

MA-05-1.5. Ratios and Proportional Reasoning (not assessed at this level) - Properties of Numbers and Operations

MA-05-1.5.1. Students will identify and determine composite numbers, prime numbers, multiples of a number, factors of a number and least common multiples (LCM) and will apply these numbers to solve real-world problems. DOK 2

MA-05-1.5.2. Students will use the commutative properties of addition and multiplication, the associative properties of addition and multiplication, the identity properties of addition and multiplication and the zero property of multiplication in written and mental computation.

MA-05-2. Measurement: Students progress from measuring using nonstandard units to using standard units of measurement. They identify measurable attributes of objects, estimate and measure weight, length, perimeter, area, angles, temperature, time and money. They convert units within the same measurement system.

MA-05-2.1. Measuring Physical Attributes

MA-05-2.1.1. Students will apply standard units to measure length (to the nearest eighth-inch or the nearest centimeter) and to determine: weight (ounce, pound; gram, kilogram); perimeter; area (figures that can be divided into rectangular shapes); time (nearest minute); temperature (Fahrenheit and Celsius) and angle measures (nearest degree). DOK 2

MA-05-2.1.2. Students will choose and use appropriate tools (e.g., protractor, meter stick, ruler) for specific tasks and apply skills to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

MA-05-2.1.3. Students will use measurements to identify, describe, sort and compare attributes of objects and apply these to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

MA-05-2.1.4. Students will measure volume of rectangular prisms, liquid capacity and money using standard units and apply these skills to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

MA-05-2.1.6. Students will estimate weight, length, perimeter, area, angle measures and time using appropriate units of measurement. DOK 2

MA-05-2.2. Systems of Measurement

MA-05-2.2.1. Students will determine elapsed time. DOK 3

MA-05-2.2.2. Students will describe, define, give examples of and use to solve real-world and mathematical problems nonstandard and standard (U.S. Customary, metric) units of measurement

MA-05-2.2.3. Students will convert units within the same measurement system [U.S. customary (inches, feet, yards, miles; ounces, pounds, tons), metric (millimeters, centimeters, meters, kilometers; grams, kilograms), money, or time] and use the units to solve problems. DOK 2

MA-05-3. Geometry: Students explore and find basic geometric elements and terms, two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects. They find and use symmetry. They move two-dimensional figures in a plane and explore congruent and similar figures.

MA-05-3.1. Shapes and Relationships

MA-05-3.1.1. Students will describe and provide examples of basic geometric elements and terms [points, segments, lines (perpendicular, parallel, intersecting), rays, angles (acute, right, obtuse), sides, edges, faces, bases, vertices, radius, diameter] and will apply these elements to solve real-world and mathematical problems. DOK 2

MA-05-3.1.2. Students will describe and provide examples of basic two-dimensional shapes [circles, triangles (right, equilateral), all quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, octagons] and will apply these shapes to solve real-world and mathematical problems. DOK 2

MA-05-3.1.3. Students will describe and provide examples of basic three-dimensional objects (spheres, cones, cylinders, pyramids, cubes, triangular and rectangular prisms), will identify three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional representations (nets) and will apply the attributes to solve real-world and mathematical problems. DOK 2

MA-05-3.1.5. Students will identify and describe congruent figures in real-world and mathematical problems. DOK 2

MA-05-3.2. Transformations of Shapes

MA-05-3.2.1. Students will describe and provide examples of line symmetry in real-world and mathematical problems or will apply line symmetry to construct a geometric design. DOK 3

MA-05-3.2.2. Students will identify or draw 90 degree rotations, reflections or translations of shapes within a plane. DOK 1

MA-05-3.3. Coordinate Geometry

MA-05-3.3.1. Students will identify and graph ordered pairs on a positive coordinate system scaled by ones, twos, threes, fives, or tens; locate points on a grid; and apply graphing in the coordinate system to solve real-world and mathematical problems. DOK 2

MA-05-4. Data Analysis and Probability: Students pose questions, plan and collect data, organize and display data and interpret displays of data. They generate outcomes for simple probability activities, determine fairness of probability games and explore likely and unlikely events.

MA-05-4.1. Data Representations

MA-05-4.1.1. Students will analyze and make inferences from data displays (drawings, tables/charts, tally tables, pictographs, bar graphs, circle graphs, line plots, Venn diagrams, line graphs). DOK 3

MA-05-4.1.2. Students will collect data (e.g., tallies, surveys) and explain how the skills apply in real-world and mathematical problems.

MA-05-4.1.3. Students will construct data displays (pictographs, bar graphs, line plots, line graphs, Venn diagrams, tables). DOK 2

MA-05-4.2. Characteristics of Data Sets

MA-05-4.2.1. Students will determine and apply the mean, median, mode (for a data set with no more than one mode) and range of a set of data. DOK 2

MA-05-4.3. Experiments and Samples

MA-05-4.3.1. Students will describe and give examples of the process of using data to answer questions (e.g., pose a question, plan, collect data, organize and display data, interpret data to answer questions).

MA-05-4.4. Probability

MA-05-4.4.1. Students will determine all possible outcomes of an activity/event with up to 12 possible outcomes. DOK 2

MA-05-4.4.2. Students will determine the likelihood of an event and the probability of an event (expressed as a fraction). DOK 2

MA-05-5. Algebraic Thinking: Students explore and examine patterns and develop rules to go with patterns. They generate input-output for functions and create tables to analyze functions. They use ordered pairs and plot points in the first quadrant of the Cartesian plane. Students use number sentences with missing values.

MA-05-5.1. Patterns, Relations and Functions

MA-05-5.1.1. Students will extend patterns, find the missing term(s) in a pattern or describe rules for patterns (numbers, pictures, tables, words) from real-world and mathematical problems. DOK 3

MA-05-5.1.2. Students will describe functions (input-output) through pictures, tables or words and will construct tables to analyze functions based on real-world or mathematical problems. DOK 2

MA-05-5.1.3. Students will determine an output value or an input value for a function rule given the other value. DOK 2

MA-05-5.2. Variables, Expressions and Operations

MA-05-5.2.1. Students will model verbal descriptions of real-world and mathematical problems using a variable or a missing value in an expression. DOK 2

MA-05-5.3. Equations and Inequalities

MA-05-5.3.1. Students will model real-world and mathematical problems with simple number sentences (equations and inequalities) with a variable or missing value (e.g., 4 = 2 x N, + 5 > 14) and apply simple number sentences to solve mathematical and real-world problems. DOK 2