Montana State Standards for Science: Grade 1

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MT.1. Students, through the inquiry process, demonstrate the ability to design, conduct, evaluate, and communicate the results and form reasonable conclusions of scientific investigations.

1.1.1. Students will develop the abilities necessary to safely conduct scientific inquiry, including (a step-by-step sequence is not implied): (a) asking questions about objects, events, and organisms in the environment, (b) planning and conducting simple investigations. 19
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1.1.2. Students will select and use appropriate tools including technology to make measurements (including metric units) and represent results of basic scientific investigations. 65
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1.1.3. Students will use data to describe and communicate the results of scientific investigations. 18
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1.1.4. Students will use models that illustrate simple concepts and compare those models to the actual phenomenon. 20
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1.1.5. Students will identify a valid test in an investigation. 18
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1.1.6. Students will identify how observations of nature form an essential base of knowledge among the Montana American Indians. 8
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MT.2. Students, through the inquiry process, demonstrate knowledge of properties, forms, changes and interactions of physical and chemical systems.

1.2.1. Students will create mixtures and separate them based on different physical properties (e.g., salt and sand, iron filings and soil, oil and water) 12
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1.2.2. Students will examine, measure, describe, compare and classify objects in terms of common physical properties. 41
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1.2.3. Students will identify the basic characteristics of light, heat, motion, magnetism, electricity and sound. 28
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1.2.4. Students will model and explain that matter exists as solids, liquids, and gases and can change from one form to another. 8
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1.2.5. Students will identify that the position of an object can be described by its location relative to another object and its motions described, and measured by external forces action upon it. 16
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1.2.6. Students will identify, build, and describe mechanical systems and the forces acting within those systems. 28
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1.2.7. Students will observe, measure and manipulate forms of energy: sound, light, heat, electrical, magnetic. 24
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MT.3. Students, through the inquiry process, demonstrate knowledge of characteristics, structures and function of living things, the process and diversity of life, and how living organisms interact with each other and their environment.

1.3.1. Students will identify that plants and animals have structures and systems that serve different functions for growth, survival, and reproduction. 62
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1.3.2. Students will identify, measure, and describe basic requirements of energy and nutritional needs for an organism. 8
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1.3.3. Students will describe and use models that trace the life cycles of different plants and animals and discuss how they differ from species to species. 168
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1.3.4. Students will explain cause and effect relationships between nonliving and living components within ecosystems; and explain individual response to the changes in the environment including identifying differences between inherited, instinctual, and learned behaviors. 10
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1.3.5. Students will create and use a classification system to group a variety of plants and animals according to their similarities and differences. 56
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MT.4. Students, through the inquiry process, demonstrate knowledge of the composition, structures, processes and interactions of Earth's systems and other objects in space.

1.4.1. Students will describe and give examples of earth's changing features. 13
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1.4.2. Students will describe and measure the physical properties of earth's basic materials (including soil, rocks, water and gases) and the resources they provide. 12
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1.4.3. Students will investigate fossils and make inferences about life the plants, animals, and the environment at that time. 5
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1.4.4. Students will observe and describe the water cycle and the local weather and demonstrate how weather conditions are measured. 21
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1.4.5. Students will identify seasons and explain the difference between weather and climate. 35
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1.4.6. Students will identify objects (e.g., moon, stars, meteors) in the sky and their patterns of movement and explain that light and heat comes from a star called the sun. 39
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1.4.7. Students will identify technology and methods used for space exploration (e.g. star parties, space shuttles, telescopes). 37
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MT.5. Students, through the inquiry process, understand how scientific knowledge and technological developments impact communities, cultures and societies.

1.5.1. Students will describe and discuss examples of how people use science and technology. 7
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1.5.2. Students will describe a scientific or technological innovation that impacts communities, cultures, and societies. 8
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1.5.3. Students will simulate scientific collaboration by sharing and communicating ideas to identify and describe problems. 15
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1.5.4. Students will use scientific knowledge to make inferences and propose solutions for simple environmental problems. 22
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1.5.5. Students will identify how the knowledge of science and technology influences the development of the Montana American Indian cultures. 6
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MT.6. Students understand historical developments in science and technology.

1.6.1. Students will give historical examples of scientific and technological contributions to communities, cultures and societies, including Montana American Indian examples. 12
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1.6.2. Students will describe how scientific inquiry has produced much knowledge about the world and a variety of contributions toward understanding events and phenomenon within the universe. 17
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1.6.3. Students will describe science as a human endeavor and an ongoing process. 9
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