Florida State Standards for Language Arts: Grade 10
FL.LA.910.1.5. Reading Process - Fluency: The student demonstrates the ability to read grade level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression.
LA.910.1.5.1 The student will adjust reading rate based on purpose, text difficulty, form, and style.
FL.LA.910.1.6. Reading Process - Vocabulary Development: The student uses multiple strategies to develop grade appropriate vocabulary.
LA.910.1.6.1 The student will use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly;
LA.910.1.6.2 The student will listen to, read, and discuss familiar and conceptually challenging text;
LA.910.1.6.3 The student will use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar words;
LA.910.1.6.4 The student will categorize key vocabulary and identify salient features;
LA.910.1.6.5 The student will relate new vocabulary to familiar words;
LA.910.1.6.6 The student will distinguish denotative and connotative meanings of words;
LA.910.1.6.7 The student will identify and understand the meaning of conceptually advanced prefixes, suffixes, and root words;
LA.910.1.6.8 The student will identify advanced word/phrase relationships and their meanings;
LA.910.1.6.9 The student will determine the correct meaning of words with multiple meanings in context;
LA.910.1.6.10 The student will determine meanings of words, pronunciation, parts of speech, etymologies, and alternate word choices by using a dictionary, thesaurus, and digital tools; and
LA.910.1.6.11 The student will identify the meaning of words and phrases from other languages commonly used by writers of English (e.g., ad hoc, post facto, RSVP).
FL.LA.910.1.7. Reading Process - Reading Comprehension: The student uses a variety of strategies to comprehend grade level text.
LA.910.1.7.1 The student will use background knowledge of subject and related content areas, prereading strategies (e.g., previewing, discussing, generating questions), text features, and text structure to make and confirm complex predictions of content, purpose, and
LA.910.1.7.2 The student will analyze the authors purpose and/or perspective in a variety of text and understand how they affect meaning;
LA.910.1.7.3 The student will determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level or higher texts through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details;
LA.910.1.7.4 The student will identify cause-and-effect relationships in text;
LA.910.1.7.5 The student will analyze a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, lists) and text features (main headings with subheadings) and explain their impact on meaning in text;
LA.910.1.7.6 The student will analyze and evaluate similar themes or topics by different authors across a variety of fiction and nonfiction selections;
LA.910.1.7.7 The student will compare and contrast elements in multiple texts; and
LA.910.1.7.8 The student will use strategies to repair comprehension of grade-appropriate text when self-monitoring indicates confusion, including but not limited to rereading, checking context clues, predicting, note-making, summarizing, using graphic and semantic or
FL.LA.910.2.1. Literary Analysis - Fiction: The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of the elements of a variety of fiction and literary texts to develop a thoughtful response to a literary selection.
LA.910.2.1.1 The student will analyze and compare historically and culturally significant works of literature, identifying the relationships among the major genres (e.g., poetry, fiction, nonfiction, short story, dramatic literature, essay) and the literary devices un
LA.910.2.1.2 The student will analyze and compare a variety of traditional, classical, and contemporary literary works, and identify the literary elements of each (e.g., setting, plot, characterization, conflict);
LA.910.2.1.3 The student will explain how meaning is enhanced through various features of poetry, including sound (e.g., rhythm, repetition, alliteration, consonance, assonance), structure (e.g., meter, rhyme scheme), and graphic elements (e.g., line length, punctuati
LA.910.2.1.4 The student will identify and analyze universal themes and symbols across genres and historical periods, and explain their significance;
LA.910.2.1.5 The student will analyze and develop an interpretation of a literary work by describing an authors use of literary elements (e.g., theme, point of view, characterization, setting, plot), and explain and analyze different elements of figurative language (e
LA.910.2.1.6 The student will create a complex, multi-genre response to the reading of two or more literary works, describing and analyzing an authors use of literary elements (e.g., theme, point of view, characterization, setting, plot), figurative language (e.g., si
LA.910.2.1.7 The student will analyze, interpret, and evaluate an author's use of descriptive language (e.g., tone, irony, mood, imagery, pun, alliteration, onomatopoeia, allusion), figurative language (e.g., symbolism, metaphor, personification, hyperbole), common id
LA.910.2.1.8 The student will explain how ideas, values, and themes of a literary work often reflect the historical period in which it was written;
LA.910.2.1.9 The student will identify, analyze, and compare the differences in English language patterns and vocabulary choices of contemporary and historical texts; and
LA.910.2.1.10 The student will select a variety of age and ability appropriate fiction materials to read based on knowledge of authors styles, themes, and genres to expand the core foundation of knowledge necessary to connect topics and function as a fully literate mem
FL.LA.910.2.2. Literary Analysis - Non-Fiction: The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of the elements of a variety of non-fiction, informational, and expository texts to demonstrate an understanding of the information presented.
LA.910.2.2.1 The student will analyze and evaluate information from text features (e.g., transitional devices, table of contents, glossary, index, bold or italicized text, headings, charts and graphs, illustrations, subheadings);
LA.910.2.2.2 The student will use information from the text to answer questions or to state the main idea or provide relevant details;
LA.910.2.2.3 The student will organize information to show understanding or relationships among facts, ideas, and events (e.g., representing key points within text through charting, mapping, paraphrasing, summarizing, comparing, contrasting, or outlining);
LA.910.2.2.4 The student will identify and analyze the characteristics of a variety of types of text (e.g., references, reports, technical manuals, articles, editorials, primary source historical documents, periodicals, job-related materials, practical/functional text
LA.910.2.2.5 The student will select a variety of age and ability appropriate nonfiction materials (e.g., biographies and topical areas, such as science, music, art, history, sports, current events) to expand the core knowledge necessary to connect topics and function
FL.LA.910.3.1. Writing Process - Pre-Writing: The student will use prewriting strategies to generate ideas and formulate a plan.
LA.910.3.1.1 The student will prewrite by generating ideas from multiple sources (e.g., brainstorming, notes, journals, discussion, research materials or other reliable sources) based upon teacher-directed topics and personal interests;
LA.910.3.1.2 The student will prewrite by making a plan for writing that addresses purpose, audience, a controlling idea, logical sequence, and time frame for completion; and
LA.910.3.1.3 The student will prewrite by using organizational strategies and tools (e.g., technology, spreadsheet, outline, chart, table, graph, Venn Diagram, web, story map, plot pyramid) to develop a personal organizational style.
FL.LA.910.3.2. Writing Process - Drafting: The student will write a draft appropriate to the topic, audience, and purpose.
LA.910.3.2.1 The student will draft writing by developing ideas from the prewriting plan using primary and secondary sources appropriate to the purpose and audience;
LA.910.3.2.2 The student will draft writing by establishing a logical organizational pattern with supporting details that are substantial, specific, and relevant; and
LA.910.3.2.3 The student will draft writing by analyzing language techniques of professional authors (e.g., figurative language, denotation, connotation) to establish a personal style, demonstrating a command of language with confidence of expression.
FL.LA.910.3.3. Writing Process - Revising: The student will revise and refine the draft for clarity and effectiveness.
LA.910.3.3.1 The student will revise by evaluating the draft for development of ideas and content, logical organization, voice, point of view, word choice, and sentence variation;
LA.910.3.3.2 The student will revise by creating clarity and logic by maintaining central theme, idea, or unifying point and developing meaningful relationships among ideas;
LA.910.3.3.3 The student will revise by creating precision and interest by elaborating ideas through supporting details (e.g., facts, statistics, expert opinions, anecdotes), a variety of sentence structures, creative language devices, and modifying word choices using
LA.910.3.3.4 The student will revise by applying appropriate tools or strategies to evaluate and refine the draft (e.g., peer review, checklists, rubrics).
FL.LA.910.3.4. Writing Process - Editing for Language Conventions: The student will edit and correct the draft for standard language conventions.
LA.910.3.4.1 The student will edit for correct use of spelling, using spelling rules, orthographic patterns, generalizations, knowledge of root words, prefixes, suffixes, knowledge of Greek, Latin, and Anglo-Saxon root words, and knowledge of foreign words commonly us
LA.910.3.4.2 The student will edit for correct use of capitalization, including names of academic courses and proper adjectives;
LA.910.3.4.3 The student will edit for correct use of punctuation, including commas, colons, semicolons, apostrophes, dashes, quotation marks, and underlining or italics;
LA.910.3.4.4 The student will edit for correct use of possessives, subject/verb agreement, comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs, and noun/pronoun agreement; and
LA.910.3.4.5 The student will edit for correct use of sentence formation, including absolutes and absolute phrases, infinitives and infinitive phrases, and use of fragments for effect.
FL.LA.910.3.5. Writing Process - Publishing: The student will write a final product for the intended audience.
LA.910.3.5.1 The student will prepare writing using technology in a format appropriate to the purpose (e.g., for display, multimedia);
LA.910.3.5.2 The student will include such techniques as principle of design (e.g., margins, tabs, spacing, columns) and graphics (e.g., drawings, charts, graphs); and
LA.910.3.5.3 The student will sharing with others, or submitting for publication.
FL.LA.910.4.1. Writing Applications - Creative: The student develops and demonstrates creative writing.
LA.910.4.1.1 The student will write in a variety of expressive and reflective forms that use a range of appropriate strategies and specific narrative techniques, employ literary devices, and sensory description; and
LA.910.4.1.2 The student will incorporate figurative language, emotions, gestures, rhythm, dialogue, characterization, plot, and appropriate format.
FL.LA.910.4.2. Writing Applications - Informative: The student develops and demonstrates technical writing that provides information related to real-world tasks.
LA.910.4.2.1 The student will write in a variety of informational/expository forms, including a variety of technical documents (e.g., how-to-manuals, procedures, assembly directions);
LA.910.4.2.2 The student will record information and ideas from primary and/or secondary sources accurately and coherently, noting the validity and reliability of these sources and attributing sources of information;
LA.910.4.2.3 The student will write informational/expository essays that speculate on the causes and effects of a situation, establish the connection between the postulated causes or effects, offer evidence supporting the validity of the proposed causes or effects, an
LA.910.4.2.4 The student will write a business letter and/or memo that presents information purposefully and succinctly to meet the needs of the intended audience following a conventional format (e.g., block, modified block, memo, email);
LA.910.4.2.5 The student will write detailed travel directions and design an accompanying graphic using the cardinal and ordinal directions, landmarks, streets and highways, and distances; and
LA.910.4.2.6 The student will write a work-related document (e.g., application, resume, meeting minutes, memo, cover letter, letter of application, speaker introduction, letter of recommendation).
FL.LA.910.4.3. Writing Applications - Persuasive: The student develops and demonstrates persuasive writing that is used for the purpose of influencing the reader.
LA.910.4.3.1 The student will write essays that state a position or claim, present detailed evidence, examples, and reasoning to support effective arguments and emotional appeals, and acknowledge and refute opposing arguments; and
LA.910.4.3.2 The student will include persuasive techniques.
FL.LA.910.5.1. Communication - Penmanship: The student engages in the writing process and writes to communicate ideas and experiences.
LA.910.5.1.1 The student will use fluent and legible handwriting skills.
FL.LA.910.5.2. Communication - Listening and Speaking: The student effectively applies listening and speaking strategies.
LA.910.5.2.1 The student will select and use appropriate listening strategies according to the intended purpose (e.g., solving problems, interpreting and evaluating the techniques and intent of a presentation);
LA.910.5.2.2 The student will research and organize information for oral communication appropriate for the occasion, audience, and purpose (e.g., class discussions, entertaining, informative, persuasive, or technical presentations);
LA.910.5.2.3 The student will use appropriate eye contact, body movements, voice register and oral language choices for audience engagement in formal and informal speaking situations;
LA.910.5.2.4 The student will use an engaging introduction and conclusion and the use of figurative language to reinforce the intended message; and
LA.910.5.2.5 The student will research and organize information that integrates appropriate media into presentations for oral communication (e.g., digital presentations, charts, photos, primary sources, webcasts).
FL.LA.910.6.1. Information and Media Literacy - Informational Text: The student comprehends the wide array of informational text that is part of our day to day experiences.
LA.910.6.1.1 The student will explain how text features (e.g., charts, maps, diagrams, sub-headings, captions, illustrations, graphs) aid the reader's understanding;
LA.910.6.1.2 The student will analyze the structure and format (e.g., diagrams, graphics, fonts) of functional workplace, consumer, or technical documents; and
LA.910.6.1.3 The student will use the knowledge to create a workplace, consumer, or technical document.
FL.LA.910.6.2. Information and Media Literacy - Research Process: The student uses a systematic process for the collection, processing, and presentation of information.
LA.910.6.2.1 The student will select a topic and develop a comprehensive flexible search plan, and analyze and apply evaluative criteria (e.g., objectivity, freedom from bias, topic format) to assess appropriateness of resources;
LA.910.6.2.2 The student will organize, synthesize, analyze, and evaluate the validity and reliability of information from multiple sources (including primary and secondary sources) to draw conclusions using a variety of techniques, and correctly use standardized cita
LA.910.6.2.3 The student will write an informational report that integrates information and makes distinctions between the relative value and significance of specific data, facts, and ideas; and
LA.910.6.2.4 The student will understand the importance of legal and ethical practices, including laws regarding libel, slander, copyright, and plagiarism in the use of mass media and digital sources, know the associated consequences, and comply with the law.
FL.LA.910.6.3. Information and Media Literacy - Media Literacy: The student develops and demonstrates an understanding of media literacy as a life skill that is integral to informed decision making.
LA.910.6.3.1 The student will distinguish between propaganda and ethical reasoning strategies in print and nonprint media;
LA.910.6.3.2 The student will ethically use mass media and digital technology in assignments and presentations, citing sources according to standardized citation styles; and
LA.910.6.3.3 The student will demonstrate the ability to select print and nonprint media appropriate for the purpose, occasion, and audience to develop into a formal presentation.
FL.LA.910.6.4. Information and Media Literacy - Technology: The student develops the essential technology skills for using and understanding conventional and current tools, materials and processes.
LA.910.6.4.1 The student will use appropriate available technologies to enhance communication and achieve a purpose (e.g., video, digital technology); and
LA.910.6.4.2 The student will routinely use digital tools for publication, communication and productivity.