Florida State Standards for Arts Education: Grade 2
FL.DA.A.1.1. Dance: Skills and Techniques: The student identifies and demonstrates movement elements in performing dance.
DA.A.1.1.1. The student knows basic nonlocomotor/axial movements (e.g., bend, twist, and swing).
DA.A.1.1.2. The student knows simple locomotor movements (e.g., walk, run, hop, jump, and leap) and compound locomotor movements (e.g., gallop, slide, and leap).
DA.A.1.1.3. The student performs movement with kinesthetic awareness (i.e., how the body moves) and concentration at high, middle, and low levels in space.
DA.A.1.1.4. The student moves to various sounds, including rhythmic accompaniment, and responds to changes in tempo.
DA.A.1.1.5. The student moves following straight and curved pathways.
FL.DA.A.2.1. Dance: Skills and Techniques: The student understands choreographic principles, processes, and structures.
DA.A.2.1.1. The student creates a series of movements with a beginning, middle, and end.
DA.A.2.1.2. The student uses improvisation to explore and create movement ideas (e.g., walk across the room, stop two times, and change level once).
DA.A.2.1.3. The student creates movement patterns alone, with partners, and with groups.
FL.DA.B.1.1. Dance: Creation and Communication: The student understands dance is a way to create meaning.
DA.B.1.1.1. The student understands how gestures and movement communicate meaning.
DA.B.1.1.2. The student creates a movement phrase that the student communicates feelings.
FL.DA.C.1.1. Dance: Cultural and Historical Connections: The student demonstrates and the student understands dance in various cultures and historical periods.
DA.C.1.1.1. The student understands how dance expresses and embodies elements of a culture.
DA.C.1.1.2. The student explores movement in response to the sounds and music that reflect a specific culture.
DA.C.1.1.3. The student knows the similarities and differences that exist between dance patterns of various cultures.
FL.DA.D.1.1. Dance: Cultural and Historical Connections: The student applies and demonstrates critical and creative thinking skills in dance.
DA.D.1.1.1. The student finds multiple solutions to given movement problems.
DA.D.1.1.2. The student understands that dance is sequential with a beginning, middle, and end.
DA.D.1.1.3. The student understands that critical analysis of dance performances are based on personal opinion.
DA.D.1.1.4. The student knows a simple descriptive vocabulary of movement.
FL.DA.E.1.1. Dance: Applications to Life: The student makes connections between dance and healthful living.
DA.E.1.1.1. The student knows how daily dance practice improves strength, coordination, and flexibility.
DA.E.1.1.2. The student understands how healthy living practices (e.g., proper nutrition, adequate sleep, and daily exercise) contribute to enhanced dance movement abilities.
FL.DA.E.2.1. Dance: Applications to Life: The student makes connections between dance and other disciplines.
DA.E.2.1.1. The student knows how to express a visual image through movement (e.g., move like a cat, an ocean wave, or a cloud).
FL.MU.A.1.1. Music: Skills and Techniques: The student sings, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.
MU.A.1.1.1. The student sings songs within a five-to-seven note range alone and maintains the tonal center.
MU.A.18.104.22.168.1. The student sings melodic patterns and songs, alone and with others and matching pitch, within a five- to seven-note range (E-D1).
MU.A.22.214.171.124.2. The student echoes simple melodic patterns, using sol, la, mi, re, and do accurately and maintaining the tonal center.
MU.A.126.96.36.199.3. The student demonstrates use of healthy singing techniques, including head tone, posture, diction, and breath support.
MU.A.1.1.2. The student sings simple songs (e.g., folk, patriotic, nursery rhymes, rounds, and singing games) with appropriate tone, pitch, and rhythm, with and without accompaniment.
MU.A.188.8.131.52.1. The student sings simple unison songs, with and without accompaniment, with accurate pitch, accurate rhythm, and appropriate tone quality.
MU.A.1.1.3. The student sings a culturally diverse repertoire of songs (some from memory), with appropriate expression, dynamics, and phrasing.
MU.A.184.108.40.206.1. The student sings, alone and with others, a diverse repertoire representing various cultures and styles (for example, folk songs, poems, play-party games, patriotic songs, student-created songs, rhymes).
MU.A.220.127.116.11.2. The student demonstrates expressive qualities appropriate to the music, using phrasing, dynamic contrast, and tempo change.
FL.MU.A.2.1. Music: Skills and Techniques: The student performs on instruments, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.
MU.A.2.1.1. The student performs independently simple patterns and melodies on rhythmic and melodic classroom instruments (e.g., percussion instruments and barred instruments) and maintains a steady tempo.
MU.A.18.104.22.168.1. The student maintains a steady beat independently within simple rhythmic and melodic patterns.
MU.A.22.214.171.124.2. The student echoes rhythmic patterns using quarter notes, quarter rests, two eighth notes, half notes, and half rests on rhythm instruments.
MU.A.126.96.36.199.3. The student performs melodies and melodic patterns within the pentatonic scale on instruments (for example, barred instruments).
MU.A.188.8.131.52.4. The student performs with appropriate posture and position to produce a characteristic tone quality on nonpitched instruments (for example, wood block, jingle bells, maracas, tambourines, hand drums, guiro) and pitched instruments (for example, xylophones, metallophones, glockenspiels, resonator bells).
MU.A.184.108.40.206.5. The student maintains a simple rhythmic or melodic pattern on instruments, in combination with other patterns, to accompany poems, rhymes, chants, and songs.
MU.A.2.1.2. The student performs expressively with appropriate dynamics and tempos on classroom and ethnic instruments.
MU.A.220.127.116.11.1. The student demonstrates expressive qualities of dynamics and tempo, appropriate to the music, while playing classroom and ethnic instruments.
FL.MU.A.3.1. Music: Skills and Techniques: The student reads and notates music.
MU.A.3.1.1. The student reads simple rhythmic and melodic notation, using traditional and nontraditional symbols.
MU.A.18.104.22.168.1. The student reads and performs rhythmic patterns (quarter notes, quarter rests, two eighth notes, and half notes) in response to traditional and nontraditional notation.
MU.A.22.214.171.124.2. The student reads and performs simple melodic patterns from traditional and nontraditional notation (for example, sol, la, mi, re, and do on a five-line staff).
MU.A.3.1.2. The student demonstrates pitch direction by using visual representation (e.g., steps and line drawings).
MU.A.126.96.36.199.1. The student writes notation, using manipulatives and visual representation, for simple melodic patterns, using sol, la, and mi on a five-line staff.
MU.A.3.1.3. The student writes the notation for simple rhythmic patterns that have been performed by someone else.
MU.A.188.8.131.52.1. The student notates rhythmic patterns (quarter notes, quarter rests, two eighth notes, and half notes) that have been performed by someone else.
FL.MU.B.1.1. Music: Creation and Communication: The student improvises melodies, variations, and accompaniments.
MU.B.1.1.1. The student improvises appropriate 'musical answers' (e.g., simple rhythmic variations) in the same style to given rhythmic phrases.
MU.B.184.108.40.206.1. The student improvises rhythmic 'answer phrases' in the same style as given 'question phrases.'
MU.B.220.127.116.11.2. The student improvises melodic 'answer phrases' in the same style as given 'question phrases.'
MU.B.1.1.2. The student improvises simple rhythmic and melodic patterns and accompaniments.
MU.B.18.104.22.168.1. The student improvises rhythmic and melodic pentatonic patterns to accompany songs, poems, or stories.
FL.MU.B.2.1. Music: Creation and Communication: The student composes and arranges music within specific guidelines.
MU.B.2.1.1. The student creates simple accompaniments with classroom instruments.
MU.B.22.214.171.124.1. The student creates simple accompaniments using classroom instruments for songs, poems, and stories.
FL.MU.C.1.1. Music: Cultural and Historical Connections: The student understands music in relation to culture and history.
MU.C.1.1.1. The student knows music from several different genres and cultures (e.g., vocal and instrumental, African and Latin American).
MU.C.126.96.36.199.1. The student understands that music is different in other places and times around the world.
MU.C.188.8.131.52.2. The student identifies vocal and instrumental music from different cultures (for example, Latin, Asian, African).
MU.C.1.1.2. The student understands how rhythm and tone color are used in different types of music around the world.
MU.C.184.108.40.206.1. The student compares rhythm and timbres of contrasting examples of world music.
MU.C.1.1.3. The student knows the general cultural and/or historical settings of various types of music (e.g., songs related to American celebrations and daily life).
MU.C.220.127.116.11.1. The student identifies selected songs associated with historical events and celebrations in varied cultures.
MU.C.18.104.22.168.2. The student identifies selected songs that reflect daily life in varied cultures.
MU.C.22.214.171.124.3. The student identifies music that reflects the cultural heritage of the community.
MU.C.126.96.36.199.4. The student identifies selected patriotic songs associated with the United States.
FL.MU.D.1.1. Music: Aesthetic and Critical Analysis: The student listens to, analyzes, and describes music.
MU.D.1.1.1. The student knows how to respond to selected characteristics of music (e.g., the melodic phrase is the same or different, the tempo is fast or slow, and the volume is loud or soft) through appropriate movement.
MU.D.188.8.131.52.1. The student responds to selected characteristics of music, including tempo, dynamics, melodic contour, and form, through purposeful movement.
MU.D.1.1.2. The student identifies, upon hearing, familiar instruments and voice types (e.g., trumpet, piano, child, or adult).
MU.D.184.108.40.206.1. The student differentiates between child singing in head tone and child singing in chest voice.
MU.D.220.127.116.11.2. The student differentiates between solo and group performance (for example, vocal solo and choir, instrumental solo and band).
MU.D.18.104.22.168.3. The student classifies classroom instruments by sound source (wood, metal, shaker, or membrane) when presented visually and aurally.
MU.D.22.214.171.124.4. The student classifies instruments by family when presented visually and aurally.
MU.D.126.96.36.199.5. The student identifies selected instruments when presented visually and aurally.
MU.D.1.1.3. The student knows a simple music vocabulary (e.g., fast, slow, loud, and soft) to describe what is heard in a variety of musical styles.
MU.D.188.8.131.52.1. The student describes specific music characteristics using appropriate vocabulary (tempo, dynamics, melodic contour, and form).
MU.D.1.1.4. The student understands how music can communicate ideas suggesting events, feelings, moods, or images.
MU.D.184.108.40.206.1. The student describes how expressive qualities are used to convey feelings, images, moods, and events through music.
FL.MU.D.2.1. Music: Aesthetic and Critical Analysis: The student evaluates music and music performance.
MU.D.2.1.1. The student identifies simple criteria for the evaluation of performances and compositions.
MU.D.220.127.116.11.1. The student selects one or two specific characteristics to evaluate within a composition or performance (for example, starting together, performing correct pitches).
MU.D.2.1.2. The student knows how to offer simple, constructive suggestions for the improvement of his or her own and others' performances.
MU.D.18.104.22.168.1. The student evaluates one's own and others' performances, describes what was successful and what should be changed, and adjusts performance accordingly.
FL.MU.E.1.1. Music: Applications to Life: The student understands the relationship between music, the other arts, and disciplines outside the arts.
MU.E.1.1.1. The student understands how concepts within and between art forms are related (e.g., shape and line in music and art; and sequence and meter in music, theatre, and dance).
MU.E.22.214.171.124.1. The student demonstrates basic understanding of how concepts within and among music, theatre, visual arts, and dance are similar (for example, improvisation in sound, words, and movement).
MU.E.1.1.2. The student understands how music is related to other subjects (e.g., how vibrations, which are studied in science, produce musical sounds).
MU.E.126.96.36.199.1. The student identifies ways in which language arts, mathematics, social studies, and science relate to music (for example, vibrations in science and musical sounds, patterns in mathematics and music).
FL.MU.E.2.1. Music: Applications to Life: The student understands the relationship between music and the world beyond the school setting.
MU.E.2.1.1. The student knows how music is used in daily life (e.g., for entertainment or relaxation).
MU.E.188.8.131.52.1. The student understands the use of music in daily life (for example, worship, patriotic events, background music).
MU.E.2.1.2. The student knows appropriate audience behavior in a given music setting (e.g., religious service, symphony concert, and folk or pop concert).
MU.E.184.108.40.206.1. The student demonstrates appropriate audience behavior in such settings as classroom, school, and public performances (for example, listening quietly during a performance, clapping at the end of a performance).
MU.E.2.1.3. The student understands that music preferences reflect one's own experiences.
MU.E.220.127.116.11.1. The student explains a personal preference for a specific type of music in relation to his/her own experiences.
MU.E.2.1.4. The student understands the role of musicians (e.g., song leader, conductor, composer, and performer) in various music settings and/or cultures.
MU.E.18.104.22.168.1. The student identifies the role of musicians (for example, Afro-Cuban drummer, gospel singer) in schools, the media, the community, and specific cultures.
FL.TH.A.1.1. Theatre: Skills and Techniques: The student acts by developing, communicating, and sustaining characters in improvisation and formal or informal productions.
TH.A.1.1.1. The student creates imagined characters, relationships, and environments, using basic acting skills (e.g., sensory recall, concentration, pantomime, and vocal improvisation).
TH.A.1.1.2. The student creates, individually and in groups, animate and inanimate objects through the movement of the human body (e.g., pantomimes living and non-living objects such as rocks, trees, and celestial objects).
FL.TH.A.2.1. Theatre: Skills and Techniques: The student directs by interpreting dramatic texts and organizing and conducting rehearsals for formal and informal productions.
TH.A.2.1.1. The student communicates with others ideas about characterization and plot development within dramatic-play activities.
FL.TH.A.3.1. Theatre: Skills and Techniques: The student designs, conceptualizes, and interprets formal and informal productions.
TH.A.3.1.1. The student designs the playing space to communicate character and action in specific locales.
FL.TH.B.1.1. Theatre: Creation and Communication: The student improvises, writes, and refines scripts based on heritage, imagination, literature, history, and personal experiences.
TH.B.1.1.1. The student creates simple scenes that have a setting, dialogue, and plot.
FL.TH.C.1.1. Theatre: Cultural and Historical Connections: The student understands context by analyzing the role of theater, film, television, and electronic media in the past and present.
TH.C.1.1.1. The student expresses remembered ideas, feelings, and concepts of common daily activities through dramatic play.
TH.C.1.1.2. The student understands how we learn about ourselves, our relationships and our environment through forms of theater (e.g., film, television, plays, and electronic media).
TH.C.1.1.3. The student understands characters, situations, and dramatic media from the stories and dramas of various cultures.
FL.TH.D.1.1. Theatre: Aesthetic and Critical Analysis: The student analyzes, criticizes, and constructs meaning from formal and informal theater, film, television, and electronic media.
TH.D.1.1.1. The student portrays imaginary sensory experiences (e.g., smelling a flower or touching velvet) through dramatic play.
TH.D.1.1.2. The student gives reasons for personal preferences for formal or informal performances.
TH.D.1.1.3. The student understands appropriate audience responses to dramatic presentations.
TH.D.1.1.4. The student understands how theater communicates events of everyday life.
TH.D.1.1.5. The student understands the similarities and differences between play acting, pretending, and real life.
FL.TH.E.1.1. Theatre: Applications to Life: The student understands applications of the role of theater, film, television, and electronic media in everyday life.
TH.E.1.1.1. The student uses role playing to resolve everyday conflict situations (e.g., fighting over a toy, bullying others, and stealing someone's property).
TH.E.1.1.2. The student understands the similarities and differences among how emotions are expressed in theater, dramatic media, music, dance, and visual art.
TH.E.1.1.3. The student cooperates with others to create formal and informal theatrical works and to solve the problems inherent in simple scenes (e.g., listens while others speak, sets goals, shows self- discipline, and meets deadlines).
FL.VA.A.1.1. Visual Arts: Skills and Techniques: The student understands and applies media, techniques, and processes.
VA.A.1.1.1. The student uses two-dimensional and three-dimensional media, techniques, tools, and processes to depict works of art from personal experiences, observation, or imagination.
VA.A.22.214.171.124.1. The student creates works that are personally meaningful and draw from experience, observation, or imagination.
VA.A.126.96.36.199.2. The student utilizes drawing, painting, printmaking, fibers, sculpture, and ceramic media to produce works of art.
VA.A.188.8.131.52.3. The student develops drawing skills by using a variety of drawing tools.
VA.A.184.108.40.206.4. The student uses painting techniques employing various brush strokes to create texture and show detail.
VA.A.220.127.116.11.5. The student develops printmaking techniques by creating a series of prints.
VA.A.18.104.22.168.6. The student utilizes additive and subtractive sculptural techniques in creating with clay.
VA.A.22.214.171.124.7. The student constructs two- and three-dimensional works of art that incorporate mixed media and/or fiber techniques.
VA.A.126.96.36.199.8. The student uses basic computer technology related to visual arts to create artworks.
VA.A.1.1.2. The student uses art materials and tools to develop basic processes and motor skills, in a safe and responsible manner.
VA.A.188.8.131.52.1. The student works with art tools and materials safely.
VA.A.184.108.40.206.2. The student uses a variety of tools, materials, and processes appropriately.
VA.A.220.127.116.11.3. The student consistently follows directions/instructions and cleanup procedures.
VA.A.18.104.22.168.4. The student uses art materials and tools in a responsible manner.
VA.A.1.1.3. The student distinguishes the differences within and among art materials, techniques, processes, and organizational structures, such as elements and principles of design.
VA.A.22.214.171.124.1. The student experiments with a variety of materials, techniques, and processes in works of art.
VA.A.126.96.36.199.2. The student compares, contrasts, and applies elements of art (for example, line, shape, color, texture).
VA.A.188.8.131.52.3. The student compares, contrasts, and applies principles of design (for example, pattern, repetition, balance, contrast).
VA.A.1.1.4. The student uses good craftsmanship when producing works of art.
VA.A.184.108.40.206.1. The student identifies, uses, and assesses qualities of good craftsmanship.
VA.A.220.127.116.11.2. The student develops good craftsmanship skills through practice.
FL.VA.B.1.1. Visual Arts: Creation and Communication: The student creates and communicates a range of subject matter, symbols, and ideas using knowledge of structures and functions of visual arts.
VA.B.1.1.1. The student knows how subject matter, symbols, and ideas are used to communicate meaning in works of art.
VA.B.18.104.22.168.1. The student creates works of art that celebrate, record, and communicate historical, cultural, and personal events.
VA.B.22.214.171.124.2. The student utilizes visual symbols to communicate meaning in works of art.
VA.B.126.96.36.199.3. The student creates works of art using a variety of themes and subjects.
VA.B.1.1.2. The student understands that works of art can communicate an idea and elicit a variety of responses through the use of selected media, technique, and processes.
VA.B.188.8.131.52.1. The student compares works of art based on a similar theme and interprets how choice of media, technique, and processes can communicate an idea visually.
VA.B.184.108.40.206.2. The student explains and defends personal responses to works of art.
VA.B.1.1.3. The student knows a variety of purposes for creating works of art.
VA.B.220.127.116.11.1. The student explains choices made in his/her artwork.
VA.B.18.104.22.168.2. The student identifies purposes for creating specific works of art (for example, Bierstadt's Paintings of the American Outdoors).
VA.B.1.1.4. The student uses the elements of art and the principles of design to effectively communicate ideas.
VA.B.22.214.171.124.1. The student identifies which elements of art and principles of design are used by an artist to express an idea.
VA.B.126.96.36.199.2. The student uses a variety of elements of art and principles of design to communicate ideas.
FL.VA.C.1.1. Visual Arts: Cultural and Historical Connections: The student understands the visual arts in relation to history and culture.
VA.C.1.1.1. The student knows that specific works of art belong to particular cultures, times, and places.
VA.C.188.8.131.52.1. The student groups similar works of art based on specific cultures, time periods, and places.
VA.C.184.108.40.206.2. The student compares historical and cultural works of art that have the same theme but use different styles, processes, or techniques (for example, Mother and Child by Mary Cassatt and by Picasso).
VA.C.1.1.2. The student understands how artists generate and express ideas according to their individual, cultural, and historical experiences.
VA.C.220.127.116.11.1. The student understands that artists create works based on culture and life experiences (for example, urban and rural environment).
VA.C.18.104.22.168.2. The student compares and contrasts symbols used by various artists and cultures to convey similar meaning and to express ideas (for example, Native American, Egyptian, African, Aboriginal cultures).
FL.VA.D.1.1. Visual Arts: Aesthetic and Critical Analysis: The student assesses, evaluates, and responds to the characteristics of works of art.
VA.D.1.1.1. The student uses age-appropriate vocabulary to describe, analyze, interpret, and makes judgments about works of art.
VA.D.22.214.171.124.1. The student makes and supports judgments about works of art using specific criteria and appropriate vocabulary.
VA.D.126.96.36.199.2. The student analyzes artworks using elements of art and principles of design.
VA.D.1.1.2. The student understands that works of art can be rendered realistically, symbolically, or abstractly.
VA.D.188.8.131.52.1. The student compares and contrasts works of art that are realistic or abstract.
VA.D.184.108.40.206.2. The student identifies and examines the use of symbolism in specific art (for example, tribal masks, totem poles, still life).
VA.D.1.1.3. The student knows the difference between an original work of art and a reproduction.
VA.D.220.127.116.11.1. The student compares differences between original artworks and reproductions.
FL.VA.E.1.1. Visual Arts: Applications to Life: The student makes connections between the visual arts, other disciplines, and the real world.
VA.E.1.1.1. The student understands that people create art for various reasons and that everyday objects are designed by artists.
VA.E.18.104.22.168.1. The student compares and contrasts functional and non-functional art.
VA.E.22.214.171.124.2. The student discusses reasons why people create works of art.
VA.E.126.96.36.199.3. The student understands that artists' creations influence home, school, and work life.
VA.E.1.1.2. The student knows various careers that are available to artists.
VA.E.188.8.131.52.1. The student discusses diverse careers available to artists (for example, animator, museum curator, fashion designer).
VA.E.1.1.3. The student understands and uses appropriate behavior in a cultural experience.
VA.E.184.108.40.206.1. The student uses good observation, listening, and questioning skills during a guest artist visit, museum visit, and/or classroom art presentations.