West Virginia State Standards for Language Arts: Grade 2

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WV.RLA.S.2.1. Reading: Students will apply reading skills and strategies to inform, to perform a task and to read for literacy experience by identifying and using grade appropriate essential reading components (phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, comprehension, and written application) and selecting a wide variety of literature and diverse media to develop independence as readers.

RLA.O.2.1.1. Identify and practice basic elements of phonetic analysis:

RLA.O.2.1.1.a. Syllabication

RLA.O.2.1.1.b. Diphthongs

RLA.O.2.1.1.c. Digraphs

RLA.O.2.1.1.d. Variant vowel sounds such as r-controlled

RLA.O.2.1.2. Identify and practice grade level appropriate sight words and reading vocabulary (e.g., high frequency words, homonyms, homophones, multiple meaning words, synonyms, antonyms).

RLA.O.2.1.3. Identify and practice basic elements of structural analysis to decode unknown words (e.g., syllables, prefixes, suffixes, root words, compound words, spelling patterns, contractions).

RLA.O.2.1.4. Apply explicitly taught vocabulary words in oral and written experiences.

RLA.O.2.1.5. Describe a purpose for reading:

RLA.O.2.1.5.a. For information

RLA.O.2.1.5.b. For pleasure

RLA.O.2.1.5.c. To understand specific viewpoints

RLA.O.2.1.5.d. To follow directions

RLA.O.2.1.6. Read familiar stories, poems and passages with fluency:

RLA.O.2.1.6.a. Appropriate rate

RLA.O.2.1.6.b. Accuracy

RLA.O.2.1.6.c. Prosody

RLA.O.2.1.7. Use a variety of context clues to determine word meanings (e.g., prior knowledge, read ahead, reread).

RLA.O.2.1.8. Use meaning clues to aid comprehension and make predictions about content (e.g., pictures, picture captions, title, cover, heading).

RLA.O.2.1.9. Read second grade instructional level texts and use self-correction strategies (e.g., decoding, searching for cues, rereading).

RLA.O.2.1.10. Respond to both literal and interpretive comprehension questions after reading a short story selection that is developmentally appropriate.

RLA.O.2.1.11. Use literary and informational texts to summarize, determine story elements, determine cause and effect, compare and contrast, predict, sequence, draw conclusions, describe characters and provide main idea and support details.

RLA.O.2.1.12. Infer the author's purpose in literacy and information text:

RLA.O.2.1.12.a. To persuade

RLA.O.2.1.12.b. To entertain

RLA.O.2.1.12.c. To inform

RLA.O.2.1.13. Make the connections between characters or simple events in a literary work to own life or other cultures (e.g., events, characters, conflicts, themes).

RLA.O.2.1.14. Recognize genre in literary texts:

RLA.O.2.1.14.a. Fairy tales

RLA.O.2.1.14.b. Folk tales

RLA.O.2.1.14.c. Poems

RLA.O.2.1.14.d. Fables

RLA.O.2.1.14.e. Fantasies

RLA.O.2.1.14.f. Biographies

RLA.O.2.1.14.g. Short stories

RLA.O.2.1.14.h. Chapter books

RLA.O.2.1.14.i. Plays and informational texts

RLA.O.2.1.14.j. Magazines

RLA.O.2.1.14.k. Textbooks

RLA.O.2.1.14.l. Electronic resources

RLA.O.2.1.14.m. Reference materials

RLA.O.2.1.15. Use reading skills and strategies to understand a variety of information resources to support literacy learning (e.g., environmental print, written directions, signs, captions, electronic resources, labels).

RLA.O.2.1.16. Increase the amount of independent reading to build background knowledge, expand vocabulary and comprehend literary and informational text.

WV.RLA.S.2.2. Writing: Students will apply writing skills and strategies to communicate effectively for different purposes by using the writing process applying grammatical and mechanical properties in writing and selecting and evaluating information for research purposes.

RLA.O.2.2.1. Demonstrate proper manuscript and begin use of cursive writing techniques:

RLA.O.2.2.1.a. Posture

RLA.O.2.2.1.b. Paper placement

RLA.O.2.2.1.c. Pencil grip

RLA.O.2.2.1.d. Letter formation

RLA.O.2.2.1.f. Spacing

RLA.O.2.2.2. Write correctly formed and punctuated simple sentences (e.g., declarative, interrogative, exclamatory).

RLA.O.2.2.3. Develop a story with proper sequence (e.g., beginning - middle - end, containing a main idea, supporting details).

RLA.O.2.2.4. Construct a story using the five-step writing process:

RLA.O.2.2.4.a. Pre-writing

RLA.O.2.2.4.b. Draft

RLA.O.2.2.4.c. Revise

RLA.O.2.2.4.d. Edit

RLA.O.2.2.4.e. Publish

RLA.O.2.2.5. Use conventions of spelling in written composition (e.g., spell high frequency words from appropriate grade level lists, use letter/sound relationships to spell independently, spell irregular words, transition from phonetic to conventional spelling).

RLA.O.2.2.6. Use conventions of capitalization in written composition (e.g., titles, initials, titles of written works, greeting and closing of a letter).

RLA.O.2.2.7. Use conventions of punctuation in written composition (e.g., period in abbreviations, initials, commas in dates, greeting and closing of letter, separate city-state-country, separate items in a list, apostrophe in contractions and singular possessives).

RLA.O.2.2.8. Use grammar in written composition (e.g., correct subject/verb agreement, simple adjectives, adverbs).

RLA.O.2.2.9. Compose in a variety of forms and genres for different audiences (e.g., journals, letters, stories, simple reports).

RLA.O.2.2.10. Alphabetize to the second letter and use simple guidewords.

RLA.O.2.2.11. Use a variety of sources to gather information to communicate with others (e.g., dictionaries, informational books, pictures, charts, indexes, videos, television programs, guest speakers, graphic organizers).

WV.RLA.S.2.3 Listening, Speaking and Media Literacy: Students will apply listening, speaking and media literacy skills and strategies to communicate with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.

RLA.O.2.3.1. Listen, recite and respond to familiar stories, poems and songs (e.g., retell in sequence, relate information to own life, describe character, setting, plot, engage in creative dramatics, imagine beyond the story).

RLA.O.2.3.2. Describe the main idea or intended messages in a variety of visual media (e.g., pictures, cartoons, weather reports, newspaper photos, visual narratives).

RLA.O.2.3.3. Access media tools to create an oral or visual presentation (e.g., desktop publishing, electronic resources, photos).

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