New Hampshire State Standards for Science: Kindergarten

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S:SPS2:2:3.1. Models and Scale: Students will describe how a model of something is different from the real thing but can be used to learn something about the real thing.

NH.ESS1. Earth Space Science: The Earth and Earth materials, as we know them today, have developed over long periods of time, through constant change processes.

S:ESS1:2:1.1. Atmosphere, Climate, and Weather: Students will recognize that weather conditions change frequently, and that weather patterns change over the seasons. 22
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS1:2:1.1.

S:ESS1:2:1.2. Atmosphere, Climate, and Weather: Students will describe and compare weather using observations and measurements of local weather conditions. 33
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS1:2:1.2.

S:ESS1:2:2.1. Composition and Features: Students will recognize that solid rocks, soils, and water in its liquid and solid states can be found on the Earth's surface. 7
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS1:2:2.1.

S:ESS1:2:2.2. Composition and Features: Students will use observable properties, such as color and texture, to classify and organize rocks and minerals. 2
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS1:2:2.2.

S:ESS1:2:2.3. Composition and Features: Students will recognize that Earth materials have a variety of properties, including size, shape, color and texture. 3
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS1:2:2.3.

S:ESS1:2:5.1. Processes and Rates of Change: Students will recognize that some changes are too slow or too fast to be easily observed. 5
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS1:2:5.1.

S:ESS1:2:6.1. Rock Cycle: Students will explain that large rocks can be broken down into smaller rocks. 4
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS1:2:6.1.

S:ESS1:2:6.2. Rock Cycle: Students will describe rocks and soils in terms of their physical properties. 4
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS1:2:6.2.

S:ESS1:2:7.1. Water: Students will recognize that water can be a liquid or a solid; and explain that it can be made to change from one state to the other, but the amount (mass) of water always remains the same in either state. 12
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS1:2:7.1.

NH.ESS2. Earth Space Science: The Earth is part of a solar system, made up of distinct parts, which have temporal and spatial interrelationships.

S:ESS2:2:1.1. Earth, Sun, and Moon: Students will recognize the basic patterns of the Sun, including its appearance during the daytime, and how its position in the sky changes through the seasons. 10
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS2:2:1.1.

S:ESS2:2:1.2. Earth, Sun, and Moon: Students will recognize the basic patterns of the Moon, including its appearance sometimes at night and sometimes during the day; and how it appears to change shape through the month. 12
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS2:2:1.2.

S:ESS2:2:2.1. Energy: Students will recognize that the light and heat the Sun provides to the Earth is necessary for life. 12
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS2:2:2.1.

S:ESS2:2:4.1. View from Earth: Students will recognize that the Sun, Moon and stars all appear to move slowly across the sky. 17
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS2:2:4.1.

S:ESS2:2:4.2. View from Earth: Students will recognize that as the position of the Sun changes in relation to the Earth it creates shadows of varying length and direction. 14
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS2:2:4.2.

S:ESS2:2:4.3. View from Earth: Students will explain that people should not look directly at the Sun because it is dangerous and may cause injury to the eyes. 8
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS2:2:4.3.

NH.ESS3. Earth Space Science: The origin and evolution of galaxies and the universe demonstrate fundamental principles of physical science across vast distances and time.

S:ESS3:2:2.1. Stars and Galaxies: Students will recognize there are too many stars to count, and that they are unequal in their brightness. 6
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS3:2:2.1.

NH.ESS4. Earth Space Science: The growth of scientific knowledge in Earth Space Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.

S:ESS4:2:2.1. Tools: Students will recognize, and with assistance, safely demonstrate the use of tools to gather data and extend the senses, such as thermometers, hand lenses and balances. 13
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS4:2:2.1.

S:ESS4:2:3.1. Local and Global Environmental Issues: Students will differentiate between natural and man-made materials. 9
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS4:2:3.1.

S:ESS4:2:3.2. Local and Global Environmental Issues: Students will identify environments that are natural, such as a forest, meadow, or mountains and those that have been built or modified by people, including cities, roads, farms, and houses. 22
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS4:2:3.2.

S:ESS4:2:3.3. Local and Global Environmental Issues: Students will describe actions that can help the environment, such as recycling and proper disposal of waste materials. 6
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS4:2:3.3.

S:ESS4:2:4.1. Career Technical Education Connections: Students will recognize that some jobs/careers require knowledge and use of Earth science content and/or skills. 12
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:ESS4:2:4.1.

NH.LS1. Life Science: All living organisms have identifiable structures and characteristics that allow for survival (organisms, populations, and species).

S:LS1:2:1.1. Classification: Students will differentiate between living and nonliving things; and categorize objects in each group using the significant observable characteristics they share, such as color, shape and size. 8
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS1:2:1.1.

S:LS1:2:1.2. Classification: Students will recognize plants and animals as living things and describe how they are alike and different. 59
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS1:2:1.2.

S:LS1:2:2.1. Living Things and Organization: Students will recognize that plants and animals have features that help them survive in different environments. 50
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS1:2:2.1.

S:LS1:2:3.1. Reproduction: Students will recognize that parents and offspring of many species closely resemble one another; and describe the similarities in appearance of given plant and animal families. 72
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS1:2:3.1.

S:LS1:2:3.2. Reproduction: Students will recognize that living things have a life cycle, during which they are born, grow, and die. 74
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS1:2:3.2.

NH.LS2. Life Science: Energy flows and matter recycles through an ecosystem.

S:LS2:2:1.1. Environment: Students will recognize that living things can be found almost anyplace in the world; and that specific types of environments are required to support the many different species of plant and animal life. 27
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS2:2:1.1.

S:LS2:2:1.2. Environment: Students will recognize that animals, including humans, interact with their surroundings using their senses; and that different senses provide different kinds of information. 30
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS2:2:1.2.

S:LS2:2:1.3. Environment: Students will recognize that some plants and animals go through changes in appearance when the seasons change. 33
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS2:2:1.3.

S:LS2:2:2.1. Flow of Energy: Students will identify the resources plants and animals need for growth and energy, and describe how their habitat provides these basic needs. 31
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS2:2:2.1.

NH.LS3. Life Science: Groups of organisms show evidence of change over time (e.g. evolution, natural selection, structures, behaviors, and biochemistry).

S:LS3:2:1.1. Change: Students will recognize that some living things, which lived on Earth long ago, are now extinct, such as dinosaurs, mammoths, giant tree ferns, and horsetail trees. 6
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS3:2:1.1.

S:LS3:2:2.1. Evolution: Students will recognize that some plants and animals, which are alive today, are similar to living things which have become extinct, such as elephants and mammoths. 1
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS3:2:2.1.

S:LS3:2:3.1. Natural Selection: Students will recognize and describe the similarities and differences in both behavior and appearance of plants and animals. 59
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS3:2:3.1.

S:LS3:2:3.2. Natural Selection: Students will recognize that there are different species of living things in various places around the world. 63
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS3:2:3.2.

NH.LS4. Life Science: Humans are similar to other species in many ways, and yet are unique among Earth's life forms.

S:LS4:2:1.1. Behavior: Students will recognize and describe how living things respond when exposed to helpful and harmful situations. 24
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:1.1.

S:LS4:2:1.2. Behavior: Students will recognize that humans learn from each other in many different ways, such as listening and speaking, watching and imitating. 22
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:1.2.

S:LS4:2:1.3. Behavior: Students will recognize that humans can gather different kinds of information about an object by adjusting their proximity to it. 20
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:1.3.

S:LS4:2:1.4. Behavior: Students will recognize that some of the things humans can do, such as playing games, reading, and writing, must be learned. 2
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:1.4.

S:LS4:2:2.1. Disease: Students will recognize that proper nutrition, exercise and rest are all important factors in maintaining good health. 28
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:2.1.

S:LS4:2:2.2. Disease: Students will recognize that humans can spread germs that cause disease. 12
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:2.2.

S:LS4:2.2.3. Disease: Students will identify and describe the basic personal hygiene habits for maintaining good health, such as washing one's hands with soap and water and brushing one's teeth. 37
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2.2.3.

S:LS4:2:2.4. Disease: Students will recognize symptoms, such as fever, rashes, coughing and congestion for common illnesses. 12
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:2.4.

S:LS4:2:3.1. Human Identity: Students will recognize similarities and individual differences among people, and that children closely resemble their parents. 19
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:3.1.

S:LS4:2:3.2. Human Identity: Students will identify the sense organs, including eyes, ears, nose mouth, and skin; and describe how each can warn an individual about danger. 24
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:3.2.

S:LS4:2:3.3. Human Identity: Students will recognize that two parents, both a father and mother, are required for human reproduction. 2
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:3.3.

S:LS4:2:3.4. Human Identity: Students will recognize and describe the human life cycle from birth to old age. 1
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:3.4.

S:LS4:2:3.5. Human Identity: Students will recognize that humans need food, water, air, waste removal and a particular range of temperatures in their environment, just as other animals do. 36
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS4:2:3.5.

NH.LS5. Life Science: The growth of scientific knowledge in Life Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.

S:LS5:2:1.1. Design Technology: Students will recognize that new products can be made out of natural materials, such as paper from trees and cloth from various plants and animals. 11
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS5:2:1.1.

S:LS5:2:2.1. Tools: Students will recognize that some tools, such as magnifiers, balances and thermometers, have special uses and can help gather information and extend the senses. 13
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS5:2:2.1.

S:LS5:2:3.1. Social Issues (Local and Global): Medical Technology and Biotechnology: Students will recognize that technology is used in medicine to prevent and cure diseases through vaccinations and medications. 2
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS5:2:3.1.

S:LS5:2:3.2. Social Issues (Local and Global): Medical Technology and Biotechnology: Students will provide examples from personal experience that illustrate how medicine helps humans recover from illness. 12
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS5:2:3.2.

S:LS5:2:4.1. Career Technical Education Connections: Students will recognize that some jobs/careers require knowledge and use of life science content and/or skills. 17
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:LS5:2:4.1.

NH.PS1. Physical Science: All living and nonliving things are composed of matter having characteristic properties that distinguish one substance from another (independent of size/amount of substance).

S:PS1:2:1.1. Composition: Students will recognize that objects can be composed of different types of materials, such as wood, metal, and paper. 6
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS1:2:1.1.

S:PS1:2:1.2. Composition: Students will recognize that objects can be made of one or more materials. 6
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS1:2:1.2.

S:PS1:2:2.1. Properties: Students will identify the observable properties of different objects, such as color, size, shape, weight and texture. 7
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS1:2:2.1.

NH.PS2. Physical Science: Energy is necessary for change to occur in matter. Energy can be stored, transferred and transformed, but cannot be destroyed.

S:PS2:2:1.1. Change: Students will describe how the properties of certain materials can change when specific actions are applied to them, such as freezing, mixing, heating, cutting, dissolving and bending. 2
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS2:2:1.1.

S:PS2:2:1.2. Change: Students will recognize that not all materials react the same way when an action is applied to them. 2
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS2:2:1.2.

S:PS2:2:3.1. Energy: Students will recognize that sound is produced by vibrating objects and that the pitch of the sound can be varied by changing the rate of vibration. 1
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS2:2:3.1.

S:PS2:2:3.2. Energy: Students will explain that the Sun provides the Earth with heat and light. 3
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS2:2:3.2.

S:PS2:2:3.3. Energy: Students will describe that heat can be produced in a variety of ways, such as burning, rubbing, and mixing substances together. 3
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS2:2:3.3.

S:PS2:2:3.4. Energy: Students will recognize that energy comes from different sources, such as electricity and water, and is utilized in many common objects. 2
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS2:2:3.4.

NH.PS3. Physical Science: The motion of an object is affected by force.

S:PS3:2:1.1. Forces: Students will describe the properties of magnetism and demonstrate how magnets can be used to move some things without touching them. 4
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS3:2:1.1.

S:PS3:2:1.2. Forces: Students will describe and demonstrate that things close to the Earth drop to the ground unless something supports them. 4
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS3:2:1.2.

S:PS3:2:2.1. Motion: Students will describe the many different ways things can move, such as in a straight line, zigzag or circular motion, back and forth, and fast and slow. 4
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS3:2:2.1.

S:PS3:2:2.2. Motion: Students will describe and demonstrate how the position and motion of an object can be changed by applying force, such as pushing and pulling; and explain that the greater the force, the greater the change. 4
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS3:2:2.2.

S:PS3:2:2.3. Motion: Students will describe the position of an object by referencing its location in relation to another object or background. 5
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS3:2:2.3.

NH.PS4. Physical Science: The growth of scientific knowledge in Physical Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.

S:PS4:2:1.1. Design Technology: Students will recognize that new objects can be made out of physical materials, such as cloth and paper. 11
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS4:2:1.1.

S:PS4:2:2.1. Tools: Students will identify tools and simple machines, such as a wheel, and explain how they work. 14
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS4:2:2.1.

S:PS4:2:2.2. Tools: Students will demonstrate how to use tools, such as rulers, scales, balances, magnifiers and thermometers to measure properties of objects, such as size, weight, temperature. 23
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS4:2:2.2.

S:PS4:2:3.1. Social Issues (Local and Global): Energy, Power, and Transportation Manufacturing: Students will provide examples of how man uses energy in everyday life, such as providing light, warmth in winter, cooling in summer, TVs, computers, telephones, transportation, factories. 2
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS4:2:3.1.

S:PS4:2:3.2. Social Issues (Local and Global): Energy, Power, and Transportation Manufacturing: Students will provide examples of items that are manufactured or produced. 35
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS4:2:3.2.

S:PS4:2:4.1. Career Technical Education Connections: Students will recognize that some jobs/careers require knowledge and use of physical science content and/or skills. 6
Suggested Titles for New Hampshire Science State Standard S:PS4:2:4.1.

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