Arkansas State Standards for Language Arts: Grade 11

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AR.1. Oral and Visual Communication: Speaking: Students shall demonstrate effective oral communication skills to express ideas and to present information.

OV.1.11.1. Speaking to share understanding and information: Prepare and participate in structured discussions, such as Socratic discussions.

OV.1.11.2. Speaking to share understanding and information: Present a formal multi-media presentation.

OV.1.11.3. Speaking for literary response, expression and analysis: Participate in a variety of such speaking activities as scenes from a play, monologues, memorization of lines, character analysis, literary reviews, excerpts from famous speeches, and comparison of genre across eras.

AR.2. Oral and Visual Communication: Listening: Students shall demonstrate effective listening skills in formal and informal settings.

OV.2.11.1. Listening for information, interpretation, critical analysis, and evaluation: Demonstrate critical, empathetic, and reflective listening to interpret, respond to, and evaluate speakers' messages .

OV.2.11.2. Listening for information, interpretation, critical analysis, and evaluation: Identify organizational patterns appropriate to diverse situations, such as interviews, debates, and conversations.

OV.2.11.3. Listening for information, interpretation, critical analysis, and evaluation: Identify barriers to listening and generate methods to overcome them.

OV.2.11.4. Listening for information, interpretation, critical analysis, and evaluation: Critique the clarity, accuracy, relevance, organization of evidence, and effectiveness of delivery of a presentation.

OV.2.11.5. Listening for information, interpretation, critical analysis, and evaluation: Demonstrate attentive, reflective, and critical listening skills to respond to, interpret, and evaluate speaker's message.

AR.3. Oral and Visual Communication: Media Literacy: Students shall demonstrate knowledge and understanding of media as a mode of communication.

OV.3.11.1. Analyzing media: Describe the possible cause-effect relationships between mass media coverage and public opinion trends.

OV.3.11.2. Evaluating media credibility: Use appropriate criteria to evaluate media with emphasis on prejudice, censorship, and disinformation.

AR.4. Writing: Process: Students shall employ a wide range of strategies as they write, using the writing process appropriately.

W.4.11.1. Prewriting: Apply appropriate prewriting strategies to address purpose and audience with emphasis on exposition.

W.4.11.2. Drafting: Communicate clearly the purpose of the writing.

W.4.11.3. Drafting: Write clear and varied sentences.

W.4.11.4. Drafting: Elaborate ideas clearly and accurately through word choice, vivid description, and selected information.

W.4.11.5. Drafting: Adapt content vocabulary, voice, and tone to audience, purpose, and situation.

W.4.11.6. Drafting: Arrange paragraphs into a logical progression with appropriate transition.

W.4.11.7. Revising: Revise content of writing for central idea, elaboration, unity, and organization.

W.4.11.8. Revising: Revise style of writing for selected vocabulary, selected information, sentence variety, tone, and voice.

W.4.11.9. Revising: Revise sentence formation in writing for completeness, coordination, subordination, standard word order, and absence of fused sentences.

W.4.11.10. Revising: Evaluate how well questions of purpose, audience, and genre have been addressed.

W.4.11.11. Editing: Apply grammatical conventions to edit for standard inflections, agreement, word meaning, and conventions.

W.4.11.12. Editing: Apply grammatical conventions for capitalization, punctuation, formatting, and spelling.

W.4.11.13. Publishing: Refine selected pieces frequently to publish for intended audiences and purposes.

W.4.11.14. Publishing: Maintain a writing portfolio that exhibits growth and reflection in the progress of meeting goals and expectations.

W.4.11.15. Publishing: Use available technology for all aspects of the writing process.

AR.5. Writing: Purposes, Topics, Forms, and Audiences: Students shall demonstrate competency in writing for a variety of purposes, topics and audiences employing a wide range of forms.

W.5.11.1. Purposes and Audiences: Use effective rhetorical techniques and demonstrate understanding of purpose, speaker, audience, and form when completing expressive, persuasive, or literary writing assignments.

W.5.11.2. Topics and Forms: Write expository compositions, including analytical essays and research reports that: assemble and convey evidence in support of the thesis; make distinctions between the relative value and significance of data, facts, and ideas; employ visual aids when appropriate.

W.5.11.3. Topics and Forms: Write using rhetorical strategies with special emphasis on compare/contrast, argumentation/persuasion, cause/effect, and classification.

W.5.11.4. Topics and Forms: Write persuasive compositions that: structure ideas and arguments; clarify and defend positions with precise and relevant evidence; use specific rhetorical devices to support assertions; address readers' concerns, counterclaims, biases, and expectations.

W.5.11.5. Topics and Forms: Write a variety of letters, including letters for employment and letters of request, that: follow a conventional format; address the intended audience; provide clear, purposeful information; use appropriate vocabulary, tone, and style.

W.5.11.6. Topics and Forms: Write poems using a range of poetic techniques, forms and figurative language, emphasizing free verse poetry.

W.5.11.7. Topics and Forms: Write responses to literature that: articulate the significant ideas of literary works; support important ideas and viewpoints; analyze the author's use of stylistic devices; determine the impact of ambiguities, nuances, and complexities using evidence from the text.

W.5.11.8. Topics and Forms: Write on demand to a specified prompt within a given time frame.

W.5.11.9. Topics and Forms: Write across the curriculum.

AR.6. Writing: Conventions: Students shall apply knowledge of Standard English conventions in written work.

W.6.11.1. Sentence Formation: Use a variety of sentence structures, types, and lengths for effect in writing.

W.6.11.2. Usage: Apply usage rules appropriately in all formal writing: Subject verb agreement; Pronoun agreement; Misplaced modifiers; Active and passive voice; Indicative and subjunctive mood.

W.6.11.3. Spelling: Apply conventional spelling to all pieces.

W.6.11.4. Capitalization: Apply conventional rules of capitalization in writing.

W.6.11.5. Punctuation: Apply the punctuation rules appropriately in writing.

AR.7. Writing: Craftsmanship: Students shall develop personal style and voice as they approach the craftsmanship of writing.

W.7.11.1. Purposefully shaping and controlling language: Use figurative language effectively with emphasis on extended metaphor and symbolism.

W.7.11.2. Purposefully shaping and controlling language: Use a variety of sentence structures, types, and lengths to contribute to fluency and interest.

W.7.11.3. Purposefully shaping and controlling language: Apply such elements of discourse as purpose, speaker, audience, and form when completing narrative, expository, persuasive, or descriptive writing assignments .

W.7.11.4. Purposefully shaping and controlling language: Demonstrate organization, unity, and coherence by using implied transitions and sequencing.

W.7.11.5. Purposefully shaping and controlling language: Use extension and multi-level elaboration to develop an idea emphasizing dependent clauses.

W.7.11.6. Purposefully shaping and controlling language: Combine concrete and commentary information for elaboration.

W.7.11.7. Purposefully shaping and controlling language: Use precise word choices that convey specific meaning.

W.7.11.8. Purposefully shaping and controlling language: Personalize writing to convey voice in formal and informal pieces.

W.7.11.9. Purposefully shaping and controlling language: Use point of view, characterization, style, and related elements for specific rhetorical (communication) and aesthetic (artistic) purposes.

W.7.11.10. Purposefully shaping and controlling language: Evaluate own writing and others' writing to highlight the individual voice, improve sentence variety and style, and enhance subtlety of meaning of tone in ways that are consistent with the purpose, audience, and form of writing.

AR.9. Reading: Comprehension: Students shall apply a variety of strategies to read and comprehend printed material.

R.9.11.1. Literal and inferential understanding: Connect own background knowledge to recognize and analyze personal biases brought to a text .

R.9.11.2. Literal and inferential understanding: Analyze style and diction to determine author's purpose.

R.9.11.3. Literal and inferential understanding: Develop and use appropriate strategies to support active reading and engagement.

R.9.11.4. Literal and inferential understanding: Analyze how works of a given period reflect author's background, historical events, and cultural influences.

R.9.11.5. Literal and inferential understanding: Draw inferences from a complete selection (including conclusions, generalizations, and predictions) and support them with text evidence.

R.9.11.6. Summary and generalization: Summarize and paraphrase complex structures in informational and literary texts, including relationships among concepts and details.

R.9.11.7. Analysis and evaluation: Compare and contrast aspects of texts, including themes, conflicts, and allusions, both within and across texts.

R.9.11.8. Analysis and evaluation: Analyze point of view and its influence on elements of the text (e.g., tone, theme, and purpose).

R.9.11.9. Analysis and evaluation: Challenge or defend author's use of fallacies.

R.9.11.10. Analysis and evaluation: Analyze and defend a position using concepts gained from reading.

R.9.11.11. Analysis and evaluation: Analyze and compare the author's use of figures of speech and sound devices.

R.9.11.12. Analysis and evaluation: Examine the way in which clarity of meaning is affected by the patterns of organization, repetition of the main ideas, organization of language, and word choice in the text.

R.9.11.13. Analysis and evaluation: Analyze authors' use archetypes (universal modes or patterns) drawn from myth and tradition in literature, film, political speeches, and religious writings.

AR.10. Reading: Variety of Text: Students shall read, examine, and respond to a wide range of texts.

R.10.11.1. Practical Texts: Read across the curriculum a variety of such practical texts as advertisements, warranties, manuals, job and career descriptions, applications, college catalogs and financial documents.

R.10.11.2. Practical Texts: Evaluate clarity and accuracy of information in practical texts.

R.10.11.3. Poetry: Read a variety of poetry, including free verse.

R.10.11.4. Poetry: Analyze an author's use of poetic conventions and structures including line, stanza, imagery, rhythm, rhyme, and sound devices.

R.10.11.5. Poetry: Analyze and compare characteristics of free verse.

R.10.11.6. Poetry: Analyze traditional and contemporary works of poets from many cultures.

R.10.11.7. Poetry: Analyze the author's possible use of persona.

R.10.11.8. Poetry: Analyze techniques poets use to evoke emotion in a reader.

R.10.11.9. Poetry: Analyze word choice, tone, and voice.

R.10.11.10. Poetry: Paraphrase and interpret to find the meaning of selected poems, emphasizing the complete selection.

R.10.11.11. Drama: Read a variety of dramatic selections, including modern drama.

R.10.11.12. Drama: Compare drama to stage, film, or television adaptations.

R.10.11.13. Drama: Describe the dramatic conventions or devices used by playwrights to present ideas.

R.10.11.14. Drama: Analyze an author's use of dramatic conventions.

R.10.11.15. Drama: Compare and contrast the effects of dramatic elements of plays from various cultures.

R.10.11.16. Drama: Recognize and examine the elements of modern drama.

R.10.11.17. Drama: Compare and contrast the hero of a modern drama to the tragic hero.

R.10.11.18. Literary and Content Prose: Reads a variety of literary and content prose .

R.10.11.19. Literary and Content Prose: Analyze the influence of historical context on the form, style, and point of view of a written work.

R.10.11.20. Literary and Content Prose: Describe literary contributions of various cultures.

R.10.11.21. Literary and Content Prose: Use literary terms to critique a work.

R.10.11.22. Literary and Content Prose: Analyze the impact of diction, imagery, style, and figurative language on tone, mood, and theme using literary terminology.

R.10.11.23. Literary and Content Prose: Analyze the prominence of a literary elements in a work.

R.10.11.24. Literary and Content Prose: Analyze the impact of irony on a text.

R.10.11.25. Literary and Content Prose: Analyze several of an author's works that deal with a single issue.

R.10.11.26. Literary and Content Prose: Evaluate the credibility of an author's argument or defense.

AR.11. Reading: Vocabulary, Word Study, and Fluency: Students shall acquire and apply skills in vocabulary development and word analysis to be able to read fluently.

R.11.11.1. Word study and vocabulary: Recognize and apply specialized vocabulary.

R.11.11.2. Word study and vocabulary: Analyze roots and word parts to draw inferences about meaning .

R.11.11.3. Word study and vocabulary: Use reference materials including glossary, dictionary, thesaurus, and available technology to determine precise meaning and uses of words .

R.11.11.4. Word study and vocabulary: Analyze the connotative power of words.

AR.12. Inquiring/Researching: Research/Inquiry Process: Students shall engage in inquiry and research to address questions, to make judgments about credibility, and to communicate findings in ways that suit the purpose and audience.

IR.12.11.1. Accessing information: Formulate original, open-ended questions to explore, narrow, and select a topic.

IR.12.11.2. Accessing information: Establish a focus for research and design a research plan to answer a specific question or defend a position.

IR.12.11.3. Accessing information: Access multiple sources, using a variety of research tools, with increasing proficiency.

IR.12.11.4. Evaluating credibility and identifying relevant information: Compare the credibility of authors and reliability of sources.

IR.12.11.5. Evaluating credibility and identifying relevant information: Analyze ways to verify the accuracy and usefulness of information .

IR.12.11.6. Evaluating credibility and identifying relevant information: Skim sources to evaluate their usefulness and accuracy.

IR.12.11.7. Evaluating credibility and identifying relevant information: Compile and organize information from a variety of relevant primary and secondary sources.

IR.12.11.8. Evaluating credibility and identifying relevant information: Interpret the meaning and consequences of plagiarism.

IR.12.11.9. Interpreting and presenting information: Organize information and use a style manual such as MLA or APA to create: Note cards or other note taking forms; Formal outline; Works cited page or resource sheet; Thesis statement; Parenthetical citations within text; Title page or style heading.

IR.12.11.10. Interpreting and presenting information: Summarize, paraphrase, and/or quote relevant information.

IR.12.11.11. Interpreting and presenting information: Create a formal research paper.

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