Hamlet
Hamlet

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Annotation: Shakespeare readers will further be able to understand and appreciate the text of this play with the help of explanatory footnotes on the language and expression used, and a history of Shakespearean theater and writing.
Catalog Number: #129973
Format: Perma-Bound Edition
All Formats: Search
Teaching Materials: Search
Common Core/STEAM: Common Core Common Core
Teaching Materials
Copyright Date: 1988
Edition Date: 1988
Pages: xlii, 196 pages
Availability: Available
ISBN: Publisher: 0-553-21292-3 Perma-Bound: 0-8000-5201-3
ISBN 13: Publisher: 978-0-553-21292-1 Perma-Bound: 978-0-8000-5201-0
Dewey: 822.3
Dimensions: 18 cm.
Subject Heading:
Plays.
Language: English
Bibliography Index/Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Word Count: 4,683
Reading Level: 2.8
Interest Level: 9+
Accelerated Reader: reading level: 2.8 / points: 1.0 / quiz: 122791 / grade: Middle Grades
Reading Counts!: reading level:10.0 / points:20.0 / quiz:Q13329
Lexile: NP

Dramatis Personae

*

ghost of Hamlet, the former King of Denmark

Claudius, King of Denmark, the former King's brother

Gertrude, Queen of Denmark, widow of the former King and now wife of Claudius

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, son of the late King and of Gertrude


Polonius, councillor to the King

Laertes, his son

Ophelia, his daughter

Reynaldo, his servant


Horatio, Hamlet's friend and fellow student


Voltimand,

Cornelius,

Rosencrantz,

Guildenstern,         members of the Danish court

Osric,

a gentleman,

a lord,

Bernardo,

Francisco,                officers and soldiers on watch

Marcellus,


Fortinbras, Prince of Norway

captain in his army


Three or Four players, taking the roles of  prologue, player king, player queen, and Lucianus

Two messengers

first sailor

Two clowns, a gravedigger and his companion

priest

first ambassador from England


Lords, Soldiers, Attendants, Guards, other Players, Followers of Laertes, other Sailors, another Ambassador or Ambassadors from England


scene: Denmark]

*

BERNARDO,

FRANCISCO, officers and soldiers on watch

MARCELLUS,


FORTINBRAS, Prince of Norway

CAPTAIN in His army


Three or Four PLAYERS, taking the roles of PROLOGUE, PLAYER KING, PLAYER QUEEN, and LUCIANUS

Two MESSENGERS

FIRST SAILOR

Two CLOWNS, a gravedigger and his companion

PRIEST

FIRST AMBASSADOR from England


Lords, Soldiers, Attendants, Guards, other Players, Followers of Laertes, other Sailors, another Ambassador or Ambassadors from England

SCENE: Denmark]


1.1 Location: Elsinore castle. A guard platform.

2 me (Francisco emphasizes that he is the sentry currently on watch.) unfold yourself reveal your identity.

14 rivals partners

16 ground country land.

17 liegemen to the Dane men sworn to serve the Danish king.

18 Give May God give


BERNARDO Who's there?

FRANCISCO

Nay, answer me. Stand and unfold yourself. 2 BERNARDO Long live the King!

FRANCISCO Bernardo?

BERNARDO He.

FRANCISCO

You come most carefully upon your hour.

BERNARDO

'Tis now struck twelve. Get thee to bed, Francisco.

FRANCISCO

For this relief much thanks. 'Tis bitter cold,

And I am sick at heart.

BERNARDO Have you had quiet guard? FRANCISCO Not a mouse stirring.

BERNARDO Well, good night.

If you do meet Horatio and Marcellus,

The rivals of my watch, bid them make haste. 14


Enter Horatio and Marcellus.


FRANCISCO

I think I hear them--Stand, ho! Who is there?

HORATIO Friends to this ground. 16

MARCELLUS And liegemen to the Dane. 17

FRANCISCO Give you good night. 18

MARCELLUS

Oh, farewell, honest soldier. Who hath relieved you?


27 fantasy imagination

30 along to come along

31 watch keep watch during

33 approve corroborate

39 Last... all i.e., This very last night. (Emphatic.)

40 pole polestar, north star

41 his its. t'illuine to illuminate


FRANCISCO

Bernardo hath my place. Give you good night.


Exit Francisco.


MARCELLUS Holla! Bernardo! BERNARDO Say, what, is Horatio there?

HORATIO A piece of him.

BERNARDO

Welcome, Horatio. Welcome, good Marcellus.

HORATIO

What, has this thing appeared again tonight?

BERNARDO I have seen nothing.

MARCELLUS

Horatio says 'tis but our fantasy, 27

And will not let belief take hold of him

Touching this dreaded sight twice seen of us.

Therefore I have entreated him along 30

With us to watch the minutes of this night, 31

That if again this apparition come

He may approve our eyes and speak to it. 33

HORATIO

Tush, tush, 'twill not appear.

BERNARDO Sit down awhile And let us once again assail your ears, That are so fortified against our story, What we have two nights seen.

HORATIO Well, sit we down, And let us hear Bernardo speak of this.

BERNARDO Last night of all, 39

When yond same star that's westward from the pole 40

Had made his course t'illume that part of heaven 41

Where now it burns, Marcellus and myself,

The bell then beating one-- Enter Ghost.


46 scholar one learned enough to know how to question a ghost properly

47 'ahe

49 It... to (It was commonly believed that a ghost could

not speak until spoken to.)

50 usurp'st wrongfully takes over

52 buried Denmark the buried King of Denmark

53 sometimes formerly

59 on't of it.

61 sensible confirmed by the senses. avouch warrant,

evidence


MARCELLUS

Peace, break thee off! Look where it comes again!

BERNARDO

In the same figure like the King that's dead.

MARCELLUS

Thou art a scholar. Speak to it, Horatio. 46

BERNARDO

Looks 'a not like the King? Mark it, Horatio. 47

HORATIO

Most like. It harrows me with fear and wonder.

BERNARDO

It would be spoke to.

MARCELLUS Speak to it, Horatio. 49 HORATIO

What art thou that usurp'st this time of night, 50

Together with that fair and warlike form

In which the majesty of buried Denmark 52

Did sometimes march? By heaven, I charge thee, speak! 53 MARCELLUS

It is offended.

BERNARDO See, it stalks away.

HORATIO

Stay! Speak, speak! I charge thee, speak! Exit Ghost. MARCELLUS 'Tis gone and will not answer.

BERNARDO

How now, Horatio? You tremble and look pale.

Is not this something more than fantasy?

What think you on't?

HORATIO

Before my God, I might not this believe

Without the sensible and true avouch 61

Of mine own eyes.

MARCELLUS Is it not like the King?


65 Norway King of Norway

66 parle parley

67 sledded traveling on sleds. Polacks Poles

69 jump exactly

70 stalk stride

71 to work i.e., to collect my thoughts and try to understand this

72 gross and scope general drift

74 Good now (An expression denoting entreaty or expostulation.)

76 toils causes to toil. subject subjects

77 cast casting

78 mart shopping

79 impress impressment, conscription

81 toward in preparation

87 Thereto... pride (Refers to old Fortinbras, not the Danish King.) pricked on incited. emulate emubus, ambitious

89 this ... world i.e., all Europe, the Western world

90 sealed certified, confirmed

91 heraldry chivalry

93 seized possessed


HORATIO As thou art to thyself.

Such was the very armor he had on

When he the ambitious Norway combated. 65

So frowned he once when, in an angry parle, 66

He smote the sledded Polacks on the ice. 67

'Tis strange.

MARCELLUS

Thus twice before, and jump at this dead hour, 69 With martial stalk hath he gone by our watch. 70

HORATIO

In what particular thought to work I know not, 71

But in the gross and scope of mine opinion 72

This bodes some strange eruption to our state.

MARCELLUS

Good now, sit down, and tell me, he that knows, 74

Why this same strict and most observant watch

So nightly toils the subject of the land, 76

And why such daily cast of brazen cannon 77

And foreign mart for implements of war, 78

Why such impress of shipwrights, whose sore task 79

Does not divide the Sunday from the week.

What might be toward, that this sweaty haste 81

Doth make the night joint-laborer with the day?

Who is't that can inform me? HORATIO That can I;

At least, the whisper goes so. Our last king,

Whose image even but now appeared to us,

Was, as you know, by Fortinbras of Norway,

Thereto pricked on by a most emulate pride, 87

Dared to the combat; in which our valiant Hamlet-For so this side of our known world esteemed him-- 89

Did slay this Fortinbras; who by a sealed compact 90

Well ratified by law and heraldry 91

Did forfeit, with his life, all those his lands

Which he stood seized of, to the conqueror; 93


94 Against the in return for. moiety competent corresponding portion

95 gaged engaged, pledged. had returned would have passed

96 inheritance possession

97 cov'nant i.e., the sealed compact of line 90

98 carriage... designed purport of the artide referred to

100 unimproved mettle untried, undisciplined spirits

101 skirts outlying regions, outskirts

102--4 Sharked... in't rounded up (as a shark scoops up fish) a troop of lawless desperadoes to feed and supply an enterprise of considerable daring

110 head source

111 posthaste and rummage frenetic activity and bustle

113 Well.., sort That would explain why

115 question focus of contention

116 mote speck of dust

117 paliny flourishing

118 Julius Julius Caesar

119 sheeted shrouded

121 As (This abrupt transition suggests that matter is possibly omitted between lines 120 and 121.) trains trails

122 Disasters unfavorable signs or aspects. moist star i.e., moon, governing tides

123 Neptune's ... stands the sea depends

124 Was ... eclipse was eclipsed nearly to the cosmic darkness predicted for the second coming of Christ and the ending of the world. (See Matthew 24:29 and Revelation 6:12.)

125 precurse heralding, foreshadowing

126 harbingers forerunners. still always


Against the which a moiety competent 94

Was gaged by our king, which had returned 95

To the inheritance of Fortinbras 96

Had he been vanquisher, as, by the same cov'nant 97

And carriage of the article designed, 98

His fell to Hamlet. Now, sir, young Fortinbras,

Of unimproved mettle hot and full, 100

Hath in the skirts of Norway here and there ioi

Sharked up a list of lawless resolutes i02

For food and diet to some enterprise 103

That hath a stomach in't, which is no other-- 104

As it doth well appear unto our state-But to recover of us, by strong hand

And terms compulsatory, those foresaid lands

So by his father lost. And this, I take it,

Is the main motive of our preparations,

The source of this our watch, and the chief head I 10

Of this posthaste and rummage in the land. iii

BERNARDO

I think it be no other but e'en so.

Well may it sort that this portentous figure 113

Comes armed through our watch so like the King

That was and is the question of these wars. 115

HORATIO

A mote it is to trouble the mind's eye. 116

In the most high and palmy state of Rome, I 17

A little ere the mightiest Julius fell, I 18

The graves stood tenantless, and the sheeted dead 119

Did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets;

As stars with trains of fire and dews of blood, 121

Disasters in the sun; and the moist star 122

Upon whose influence Neptune's empire stands 123

Was sick almost to doomsday with eclipse. 124

And even the like precurse of feared events, 125

As harbingers preceding still the fates 126


127 omen calamitous event

129 climatures dimes, regions

130 soft i.e., enough, break off

131 cross stand in its path, confront. blast wither, strike

with a curse.

131 s.d. his its

137 privy to in on the secret of

138 happily haply perchance

144 partisan long-handled spear.

146--7 'Tis here! / 'Tis here! (Perhaps they attempt to strike at the Ghost, but are baffled by its seeming ability to be here and there and nowhere.)


And prologue to the omen coming on, 127

Have heaven and earth together demonstrated

Unto our climatures and countrymen. 129


Enter Ghost.


But soft, behold! Lo, where it comes again! 130

I'll cross it, though it blast me. (It spreads his arms.) Stay,

illusion! 131

If thou hast any sound or use of voice,

Speak to me!

If there be any good thing to be done

That may to thee do ease and grace to me,

Speak to me!

If thou art privy to thy country's fate, 137

Which, happily, foreknowing may avoid, 138

Oh, speak!

Or if thou hast uphoarded in thy life

Extorted treasure in the womb of earth,

For which, they say, you spirits oft walk in death,

Speak of it! (The cock crows.) Stay and speak!-Stop it, Marcellus.

MARCELLUS

Shall I strike at it with my partisan? 144

HORATIO Do, if it will not stand. [They strike at it.]

BERNARDO 'Tis here! 146

HORATIO 'Tis here! [Exit Ghost.] 147

MARCELLUs 'Tis gone.

We do it wrong, being so majestical,

To offer it the show of violence,

For it is as the air invulnerable,

And our vain blows malicious mockery.

BERNARDO

It was about to speak when the cock crew.


156 trumpet trumpeter

160 extravagant and erring wandering beyond bounds. (The words have similar meaning.) hies hastens

162 probation proof

164 'gainst just before

168 strike destroy by evil influence

169 takes bewitches. charm cast a spell, control by enchantment

170 gracious full of grace

172 russet reddish brown


HORATIO

And then it started like a guilty thing

Upon a fearful summons. I have heard

The cock, that is the trumpet to the morn, 156

Doth with his lofty and shrill-sounding throat

Awake the god of day, and at his warning,

Whether in sea or fire, in earth or air,

Th'extravagant and erring spirit hies 160

To his confine; and of the truth herein

This present object made probation. i 62

MARCELLUS

It faded on the crowing of the cock.

Some say that ever 'gainst that season comes 164

Wherein our Savior's birth is celebrated,

This bird of dawning singeth all night long,

And then, they say, no spirit dare stir abroad;

The nights are wholesome, then no planets strike, 168

No fairy takes, nor witch hath power to charm, 169

So hallowed and so gracious is that time. 170

HORATIO

So have I heard and do in part believe it.

But, look, the morn in russet mantle clad 172

Walks o'er the dew of yon high eastward hill.

Break we our watch up, and by my advice

Let us impart what we have seen tonight

Unto young Hamlet; for upon my life,

This spirit, dumb to us, will speak to him.

Do you consent we shall acquaint him with it,

As needful in our loves, fitting our duty?

MARCELLUS

Let's do't, I pray, and I this morning know

Where we shall find him most conveniently.


Exeunt.


1.2 Location: The castle.

0.2 as i.e., such as, induding.

0.3 cum aijis with others

1 our my (The royal "we"; also in the following lines.)

8 sometime former

9 jointress woman possessing property with her husband

11 With.., eye with one eye smiling and the other weeping

13 dole grief

17 Now... know Next, you need to be informed that

18 weak supposal low estimate

20 disjoint... frame in a state of total disorder

21 Co-leagued... advantage joined to his illusory sense of having the advantage over us and to his vision of future success

23 Importing having for its substance

24 ..... .law (See 1.1.91, "Well ratified by law and heraldry")


[1.2] Flourish. Enter Claudius, King of Denmark, Gertrude the Queen, [the] Council, as Polonius and his son Laertes, Hamlet, cum aliis [including Voltimand and Cornelius].


KING

Though yet of Hamlet our dear brother's death

The memory be green, and that it us befitted

To bear our hearts in grief and our whole kingdom

To be contracted in one brow of woe,

Yet so far hath discretion fought with nature

That we with wisest sorrow think on him

Together with remembrance of ourselves.

Therefore our sometime sister, now our queen, 8

Thimperial jointress to this warlike state, 9

Have we, as 'twere with a defeated joy-- With an auspicious and a dropping eye, ii

With mirth in funeral and with dirge in marriage,

In equal scale weighing delight and dole- 13 Taken to wife. Nor have we herein barred

Your better wisdoms, which have freely gone

With this affair along. For all, our thanks.

Now follows that you know young Fortinbras, 17

Holding a weak supposal of our worth, 18

Or thinking by our late dear brother's death

Our state to be disjoint and out of frame, 20

Co-leagued with this dream of his advantage, 21

He hath not failed to pester us with message

Importing the surrender of those lands 23

Lost by his father, with all bonds of law, 24

To our most valiant brother. So much for him.

Now for ourself and for this time of meeting.

Thus much the business is: we have here writ

To Norway, uncle of young Fortinbras-


29 impotent helpless

31 His i.e., Fortinbras'. gait proceeding

31--3 in that.., subject since the levying of troops and supplies is drawn entirely from the King of Norway's own subjects

38 dilated set out at length

39 let... duty let your swift obeying of orders, rather than mere words, express your dutifulness.

41 nothing not at all.

44 the Dane the Danish king

45 lose your voice waste your speech.

47 native dosely connected, related

48 instrumental serviceable

51 leave and favor kind permission

56 bow... pardon entreatingly make a deep bow, asking your permission to depart.



Excerpted from Hamlet by William Shakespeare
All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

One of the greatest plays of all time, the compelling tragedy of the tormented young prince of Denmark continues to capture the imaginations of modern audiences worldwide. Confronted with evidence that his uncle murdered his father, and with his mother’s infidelity, Hamlet must find a means of reconciling his longing for oblivion with his duty as avenger. The ghost, Hamlet’s feigned madness, Ophelia’s death and burial, the play within a play, the “closet scene” in which Hamlet accuses his mother of complicity in murder, and breathtaking swordplay are just some of the elements that make Hamlet an enduring masterpiece of the theater.

Each Edition Includes:
• Comprehensive explanatory notes
• Vivid introductions and the most up-to-date scholarship
• Clear, modernized spelling and punctuation, enabling contemporary readers to understand the Elizabethan English
• Completely updated, detailed bibliographies and performance histories
• An interpretive essay on film adaptations of the play, along with an extensive filmography


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