West Virginia State Standards for Social Studies: Grade 4

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WV.SS.S.1. United States to the End of the American Revolution: Citizenship: Students will describe, demonstrate and employ the civic dispositions of good citizenship (Civic Dispositions); develop a respect for symbols, ideas and concepts of the United States and describe the roles of significant individuals (Respect For People, Events, and Symbols); develop and employ the civic skills necessary for effective citizenship by using criteria to make judgments, arrive at and defend positions and evaluate the validity of the positions or data (Evaluation Skills); demonstrate and employ the participatory skills of interacting, monitoring and influencing that are essential for informed, effective and responsible citizenship, including participation in civic life to shape public policy (Participatory Skills); and explain and practice the responsibilities, privileges and rights of United States citizens (Civic Life).

SS.4.1.3. Students will identify commonly held democratic values, principles and beliefs expressed in the Declaration of Independence and the significance of patriotic symbols, holidays, celebrations and famous people. 24
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.1.3.

SS.4.1.4. Students will describe forms of diversity in early American society, giving examples of the strengths/contributions of each (e.g., indentured servants, slaves, colonists, plantation owners, Native Americans, merchants). 27
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.1.4.

SS.4.1.5. Students will describe the qualities of responsible leadership by individuals and in groups. 9
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.1.5.

SS.4.1.6. Students will explain the responsibilities, privileges and rights of United States citizenship and the importance of civic life (e.g., voting, jury duty, obeying laws, freedom of speech, worship, paying taxes). 11
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.1.6.

WV.SS.S.2. United States to the End of the American Revolution: Civics/Government: Students will identify, examine and analyze the purposes and basic principles of the United States government (Purposes of Government); explain, evaluate and analyze the origins and meaning of the principles, ideals and core democratic values expressed in the foundational documents of the United States (Ideals of United States Democracy); identify, examine and explain the structure, function and responsibilities of governments and the allocation of power at the local, state and national levels (United States Government and Politics); and analyze how the world is organized politically and describe the role and relationship of the United States to other nations and to world affairs (United States Government and World Affairs).

SS.4.2.1. Students will explain how the rule of law and limited government protect individual rights and the common good. 10
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.2.1.

SS.4.2.2. Students will explain the rights of individuals in the democratic process and the right of an individual or group (e.g., minorities, religious groups, women, children, elderly) to dissent responsibly. 8
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.2.2.

SS.4.2.3. Students will identify historical conflicts concerning individual rights and how those conflicts were resolved. 14
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.2.3.

WV.SS.S.3. United States to the End of the American Revolution: Economics: Students will analyze the role of economic choices in scarcity, supply and demand, resource allocation, decision making, voluntary exchange and trade-offs (Choices); research, critique and evaluate the roles of private and public institutions in the economy (Institutions); compare and contrast various economic systems and analyze their impact on individual citizens (Economic Systems); describe and demonstrate how the factors of production apply to the United States economic system (Factors of Production); analyze the elements of competition and how they impact the economy (Competition); and examine and evaluate the interdependence of global economies (Global Economies).

SS.4.3.1. Students will explain the concept of trade-offs or choices/compromise (e.g., developing hypothetical budgets in simulated situations). 7
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.3.1.

SS.4.3.2. Students will analyze communications techniques that impact consumer choices (e.g., print/nonprint, advertisement, media) 10
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.3.2.

SS.4.3.3. Students will analyze the factors that shaped the economy of the early colonies in the Americas. 23
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.3.3.

SS.4.3.4. Students will give examples of people as consumers and producers of goods. 26
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.3.4.

SS.4.3.5. Students will explain the concept of taxation and its relationship to public services. 7
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.3.5.

SS.4.3.6. Students will describe how slavery and indentured servitude influenced the early economy of the United States. 9
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.3.6.

SS.4.3.7. Students will predict how competition in the market place affects prices. 27
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.3.7.

SS.4.3.9. Students will construct and use charts, graphs, tables and grids to display data. 32
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.3.9.

WV.SS.S.4. United States to the End of the American Revolution: Geography: Students will interpret, use and construct maps, globes and other geographic tools to locate and derive information about personal directions, people, places and environments (The World in Spatial Terms); describe the physical and human characteristics of place and explain how the lives of people are rooted in places and regions (Places and Regions); describe and explain the physical processes that shape the earth's surface and create, sustain and modify the cultural and natural environment (Physical Systems); identify, explain and analyze how the earth is shaped by the movement of people and their activities (Human Systems); analyze the interaction of society with the environment (Environment and Society); and explain geographic perspective and the tools and techniques available for geographic study (Uses of Geography).

SS.4.4.1. Students will identify and locate North, South and Central American countries and their major bodies of water. 15
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.4.1.

SS.4.4.2. Students will use geographic terms to describe the physical features of the Americas (e.g., mountains, rivers, grasslands, oases). 24
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.4.2.

SS.4.4.3. Students will analyze the effect of geographic factors in the development of transportation routes and settlement patterns in the Americas (e.g., Appalachian Mountains, St. Lawrence Seaway, Panama Canal). 8
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.4.3.

SS.4.4.4. Students will identify physical barriers to transportation in the Americas and how people adapted to the barriers (e.g., Appalachian and Rocky Mountains, Great Plains, Mississippi River). 31
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.4.4.

SS.4.4.5. Students will compare and contrast the physical, economic and political changes of America caused by geographic conditions and human intervention (e.g., bridges, canals, state boundaries, transportation). 22
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.4.5.

SS.4.4.6. Students will analyze and compare the effects of geographic factors upon people's jobs, food, clothing, shelter, services and interaction with the outside world. 10
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.4.6.

SS.4.4.7. Students will identify geographic factors that affect population density (e.g., mountains, deserts, river valleys, ports/harbors). 26
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.4.7.

SS.4.4.8. Students will describe different climate types and how they affected the geographical population. 9
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.4.8.

SS.4.4.9. Students will locate the areas of the Native American nations before the arrival of the Europeans. 31
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.4.9.

SS.4.4.10. Students will utilize map skills to locate places and to construct maps (e.g., symbols in a legend/key; lines of demarcation [Equator, Prime Meridian, latitude and longitude, time zones, borders, coast lines]; scales; directions [cardinal and intermediate]; and geographic barriers). 44
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.4.10.

WV.SS.S.5. United States to the End of the American Revolution: History: Students will examine, analyze and explain historical relationships using chronology to sequence and organize events and people in history (Chronology); use the processes and resources of historical inquiry to gather, examine, compare, analyze and interpret historical data (Skills and Application); examine, analyze and synthesize historical knowledge of major events, individuals, cultures and the humanities in West Virginia, the United States and the world (Culture and Humanities); use historical knowledge to analyze local, state, national and global interdependence (Interpretation and Evaluation); and examine political institutions and theories that have developed and changed over time (Political Institutions).

SS.4.5.2. Students will order chronologically selected historical figures and episodes, and explain their importance in the stories of Native Americans, explorers, settlers and colonists in North America. 15
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.2.

SS.4.5.3. Students will identify major leaders and events from America's colonization through the Revolutionary War. 17
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.3.

SS.4.5.4. Students will identify the influence of various factors on the founding of the original colonies (e.g., economic, geographic, political, religious). 7
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.4.

SS.4.5.5. Students will identify areas and patterns of early American settlement and depict territorial expansion and population distribution in the United States through maps, charts, pictures and research projects. 26
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.5.

SS.4.5.6. Students will explore ways in which early explorers and settlers adapted to, used and changed the environment of the state or region they explored or settled. 20
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.6.

SS.4.5.7. Students will identify and describe European explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries, their reasons for exploring, the information gained from their journeys and what happened as a result of their travels (e.g., Dias, daGama, Columbus, deSoto, Cabot, Hudson, Cartier, Champlain). 38
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.7.

SS.4.5.8. Students will explore how and why family and community life differed in various regions of colonial North America (e.g., New England, middle colonies, southern colonies). 37
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.8.

SS.4.5.9. Students will compare the family lives of different groups and strata in colonial times including the roles and responsibilities of men, women, children and the elderly. 27
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.9.

SS.4.5.10. Students will explain how African Americans came to America and how slavery developed. 9
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.10.

SS.4.5.11. Students will describe factors that led to the colonists' break with Great Britain and research major events of the Revolutionary War (e.g., Stamp Act, Boston Tea Party, Bunker Hill, Yorktown) 10
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.11.

SS.4.5.12. Students will describe language, stories, music, folk tales, and artistic creations as expressions of culture that influenced the behaviors of people in colonial America. 31
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.12.

SS.4.5.13. Students will compare and contrast the cultures of the colonists and Native Americans and describe the changes that occurred when they came into contact with one another. 13
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.13.

SS.4.5.14. Students will explain the similarities and differences in backgrounds, motivations and occupational skills between people in the English settlements and those in the French and Spanish settlements. 10
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.14.

SS.4.5.15. Students will evaluate the choices made and roles undertaken in the American Revolution by different groups and what they hoped or feared from revolution. 16
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.15.

SS.4.5.16. Students will analyze various sources for reconstructing the past such as documents, letters, diaries, maps, photos and others. 30
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.16.

SS.4.5.17. Students will explain why Americans and those who led them (e.g., George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson) went to war to win independence from England. 18
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.17.

SS.4.5.18. Students will analyze and interpret information from pictures and news sources related to historical events and people. 29
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.18.

SS.4.5.19. Students will suggest appropriate reference sources to answer specific questions, collect information and prepare short reports. 16
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.4.5.19.

WV.SS.S.1. West Virginia Studies: Citizenship: Students will describe, demonstrate and employ the civic dispositions of good citizenship (Civic Dispositions); develop a respect for symbols, ideas and concepts of the United States and describe the roles of significant individuals (Respect For People, Events, and Symbols); develop and employ the civic skills necessary for effective citizenship by using criteria to make judgments, arrive at and defend positions and evaluate the validity of the positions or data (Evaluation Skills); demonstrate and employ the participatory skills of interacting, monitoring and influencing that are essential for informed, effective and responsible citizenship, including participation in civic life to shape public policy (Participatory Skills); and explain and practice the responsibilities, privileges and rights of United States citizens (Civic Life).

SS.WV.1.1. Students will explain various civic responsibilities, privileges and rights (e.g., the act of voting as a West Virginia citizen). 11
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.1.1.

SS.WV.1.2. Students will propose solutions and investigate opportunities for public volunteerism concerning a local problem. 11
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.1.2.

SS.WV.1.3. Students will explain that students are citizens of their classroom, community, state and nation. 7
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.1.3.

SS.WV.1.4. Students will take and defend a position as to why fulfilling one's civic responsibility is important. 9
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.1.4.

WV.SS.S.2. West Virginia Studies: Civics/Government: Students will identify, examine and analyze the purposes and basic principles of the United States government (Purposes of Government); explain, evaluate and analyze the origins and meaning of the principles, ideals and core democratic values expressed in the foundational documents of the United States (Ideals of United States Democracy); identify, examine and explain the structure, function and responsibilities of governments and the allocation of power at the local, state and national levels (United States Government and Politics); and analyze how the world is organized politically and describe the role and relationship of the United States to other nations and to world affairs (United States Government and World Affairs).

SS.WV.2.1. Students will identify state symbols, the state capital, celebrations, holidays, famous West Virginians, and the title of the elected leader (the Governor) of the state government. 19
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.2.1.

SS.WV.2.3. Students will identify the roles and functions of the government (e.g., legislative, executive, judicial branches) at the local, county and state levels. 8
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.2.3.

WV.SS.S.3. West Virginia Studies: Economics: Students will analyze the role of economic choices in scarcity, supply and demand, resource allocation, decision making, voluntary exchange and trade-offs (Choices); research, critique and evaluate the roles of private and public institutions in the economy (Institutions); compare and contrast various economic systems and analyze their impact on individual citizens (Economic Systems); describe and demonstrate how the factors of production apply to the United States economic system (Factors of Production); analyze the elements of competition and how they impact the economy (Competition); and examine and evaluate the interdependence of global economies (Global Economies).

SS.WV.3.1. Students will identify the effect of natural resources and geographic features upon the economic development of West Virginia. 8
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.3.1.

SS.WV.3.2. Students will identify the major occupations of people in the private and public sectors of West Virginia. 7
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.3.2.

WV.SS.S.4. West Virginia Studies: Geography: Students will interpret, use and construct maps, globes and other geographic tools to locate and derive information about personal directions, people, places and environments (The World in Spatial Terms); describe the physical and human characteristics of place and explain how the lives of people are rooted in places and regions (Places and Regions); describe and explain the physical processes that shape the earth's surface and create, sustain and modify the cultural and natural environment (Physical Systems); identify, explain and analyze how the earth is shaped by the movement of people and their activities (Human Systems); analyze the interaction of society with the environment (Environment and Society); and explain geographic perspective and the tools and techniques available for geographic study (Uses of Geography).

SS.WV.4.1. Students will identify West Virginia on a United States map, and identify bordering states. 37
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.4.1.

SS.WV.4.2. Students will identify and describe the four geographic regions of West Virginia and the major communities contained within each region. 31
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.4.2.

SS.WV.4.3. Students will locate their county and county seat on a West Virginia map. 32
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.4.3.

SS.WV.4.4. Students will analyze the impact of West Virginia's geography on transportation, settlement, jobs, clothing, food, shelter, services and interaction with the outside world. 8
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.4.4.

SS.WV.4.5. Students will describe West Virginia's climate and weather. 8
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.4.5.

SS.WV.4.6. Students will recognize the difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources. 62
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.4.6.

SS.WV.4.8. Students will explore West Virginia's population, products, resources, transportation, state parks, forests, and scenic/recreational resources. 9
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.4.8.

SS.WV.4.9. Students will find an absolute West Virginia location (e.g., using a grid system) and a relative location (e.g., direction and reference to neighboring states, rivers, mountain ranges). 61
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.4.9.

WV.SS.S.5. West Virginia Studies: History: Students will examine, analyze and explain historical relationships using chronology to sequence and organize events and people in history (Chronology); use the processes and resources of historical inquiry to gather, examine, compare, analyze and interpret historical data (Skills and Application); examine, analyze and synthesize historical knowledge of major events, individuals, cultures and the humanities in West Virginia, the United States and the world (Culture and Humanities); use historical knowledge to analyze local, state, national and global interdependence (Interpretation and Evaluation); and examine political institutions and theories that have developed and changed over time (Political Institutions).

SS.WV.5.1. Students will explain and trace the economic, social and political history of West Virginia. 8
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.5.1.

SS.WV.5.2. Students will describe the cultural life of West Virginia as reflected in folklore and heritage. 10
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.5.2.

SS.WV.5.3. Students will compare and contrast past and present lifestyles of West Virginians. 9
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.5.3.

SS.WV.5.4. Students will use reference sources to answer specific questions, collect information and prepare short reports about West Virginia. 26
Suggested Titles for West Virginia Social Studies State Standard SS.WV.5.4.

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