Kentucky State Standards for Social Studies: Kindergarten

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KY.PS. Program of Studies 2006

SS-P-GC. Big Idea: Government and Civics - The study of government and civics allows students to understand the nature of government and the unique characteristics of American democracy, including its fundamental principles, structure, and the role of citizens. Understanding the historical development of structures of power, authority and governance and their evolving functions in contemporary U.S. society and other parts of the world is essential for developing civic competence. An understanding of civic ideals and practices of citizenship is critical to full participation in society and is a central purpose of the social studies. (Academic Expectations 2.14, 2.15)

SS-P-GC-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that local governments are formed to establish order, provide security and accomplish common goals. 13
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-GC-U-1.

SS-P-GC-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that citizens of local communities have certain rights and responsibilities in a democratic society. 13
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-GC-U-2.

SS-P-GC-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that local communities promote the basic principles (e.g., liberty, justice, equality, rights, responsibilities) of a democratic form of government. 6
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-GC-U-3.

SS-P-CS. Big Idea: Cultures and Societies - Culture is the way of life shared by a group of people, including their ideas and traditions. Cultures reflect the values and beliefs of groups in different ways (e.g., art, music, literature, religion); however, there are universals connecting all cultures. Culture influences viewpoints, rules and institutions in a global society. Students should understand that people form cultural groups throughout the United States and the World and that issues and challenges unite and divide them. (Academic Expectations 2.16, 2.17)

SS-P-CS-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that culture is a system of beliefs, knowledge, institutions, customs/traditions, languages and skills shared by a group of people. 17
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-CS-U-1.

SS-P-CS-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that cultures develop social institutions (e.g., government, economy, education, religion, family) to structure society, influence behavior, and respond to human needs. 38
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-CS-U-2.

SS-P-CS-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that interactions among individuals and groups assume various forms (e.g., compromise, cooperation, conflict, competition). 38
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-CS-U-3.

SS-P-CS-U-4. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that a variety of factors promote cultural diversity in a community. 11
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-CS-U-4.

SS-P-CS-U-5. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that an understanding and appreciation of the diverse complexity of cultures is essential to interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many diverse ethnic and cultural groups of today. 13
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-CS-U-5.

SS-P-E. Big Idea: Economics - Economics includes the study of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Students need to understand how their economic decisions affect them, others and the nation as a whole. The purpose of economic education is to enable individuals to function effectively both in their own personal lives and as citizens and participants in an increasingly connected world economy. Students need to understand the benefits and costs of economic interaction and interdependence among people, societies, and governments. (Academic Expectations 2.18)

SS-P-E-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that the basic economic problem confronting individuals and groups in our community today is scarcity; as a result of scarcity economic choices and decisions must be made. 4
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-E-U-1.

SS-P-E-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that a variety of fundamental economic concepts (e.g., supply and demand, opportunity cost) impact individuals, groups and businesses in the community today. 5
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-E-U-2.

SS-P-E-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that economic institutions are created to help individuals, groups and businesses in the community accomplish common goals. 7
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-E-U-3.

SS-P-E-U-4. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that markets enable buyers and sellers to exchange goods and services. 17
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-E-U-4.

SS-P-E-U-5. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that production, distribution and consumption of goods and services in the community have changed over time. 20
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-E-U-5.

SS-P-E-U-6. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that individuals, groups and businesses in the community demonstrate interdependence as they make economic decisions about the use of resources (e.g., natural, human, capital) in the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. 19
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-E-U-6.

SS-P-G. Big Idea: Geography - Geography includes the study of the five fundamental themes of location, place, regions, movement and human/environmental interaction. Students need geographic knowledge to analyze issues and problems to better understand how humans have interacted with their environment over time, how geography has impacted settlement and population, and how geographic factors influence climate, culture, the economy and world events. A geographic perspective also enables students to better understand the past and present and to prepare for the future. (Academic Expectations 2.19)

SS-P-G-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that the use of geographic tools (e.g., maps, globes, charts, graphs) and mental maps help to locate places, recognize patterns and identify geographic features. 11
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-G-U-1.

SS-P-G-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that patterns emerge as humans move, settle and interact on Earth's surface and can be identified by examining the location of physical and human characteristics, how they are arranged and why they are in particular locations. 9
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-G-U-2.

SS-P-G-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that people depend on, adapt to, and/or modify the environment to meet basic needs. Human actions modify the physical environment and in turn, the physical environment limits and/or promotes human activities. 11
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-G-U-3.

SS-P-HP. Big Idea: Historical Perspective - History is an account of events, people, ideas, and their interaction over time that can be interpreted through multiple perspectives. In order for students to understand the present and plan for the future, they must understand the past. Studying history engages students in the lives, aspirations, struggles, accomplishments, and failures of real people. Students need to think in an historical context in order to understand significant ideas, beliefs, themes, patterns and events, and how individuals and societies have changed over time in Kentucky, the United States, and the World. (Academic Expectations 2.20)

SS-P-HP-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that history is an account of human activities that is interpretive in nature. A variety of tools (e.g., primary and secondary sources) are needed to understand historical events. 1
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-HP-U-1.

SS-P-HP-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that history is a series of connected events shaped by multiple cause-effect relationships, tying past to present. 13
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-HP-U-2.

SS-P-HP-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that history has been impacted by significant individuals and groups. 19
Suggested Titles for Kentucky Social Studies State Standard SS-P-HP-U-3.

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