Illinois State Standards for Social Studies: Kindergarten

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IL.14. Political Systems: Understand political systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

14.A. Understand and explain basic principles of the United States government.

14.A.1. Describe the fundamental principles of government including representative government, government of law, individual rights and the common good. 16
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 14.A.1.

14.B. Understand the structures and functions of the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

14.B.1. Identify the different levels of government as local, state and national. 13
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 14.B.1.

14.C. Understand election processes and responsibilities of citizens.

14.C.1. Identify concepts of responsible citizenship including respect for the law, patriotism, civility and working with others. 40
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 14.C.1.

14.D. Understand the roles and influences of individuals and interest groups in the political systems of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

14.D.1. Identify the roles of civic leaders (e.g., elected leaders, public service leaders). 14
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 14.D.1.

14.E. Understand United States foreign policy as it relates to other nations and international issues.

14.E.1. Identify relationships that the federal government establishes with other nations. 32
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 14.E.1.

14.F. Understand the development of United States political ideas and traditions.

14.F.1. Describe political ideas and traditions important to the development of the United States including democracy, individual rights and the concept of freedom. 48
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 14.F.1.

IL.15. Economics: Understand economic systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

15.A. Understand how different economic systems operate in the exchange, production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

15.A.1a. Identify advantages and disadvantages of different ways to distribute goods and services. 140
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 15.A.1a.

15.A.1b. Describe how wages/salaries can be earned in exchange for work. 2
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 15.A.1b.

15.B. Understand that scarcity necessitates choices by consumers.

15.B.1. Explain why consumers must make choices. 21
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 15.B.1.

15.C. Understand that scarcity necessitates choices by producers.

15.C.1a. Describe how human, natural and capital resources are used to produce goods and services. 24
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 15.C.1a.

15.C.1b. Identify limitations in resources that force producers to make choices about what to produce. 34
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 15.C.1b.

15.D. Understand trade as an exchange of goods or services.

15.D.1a. Demonstrate the benefits of simple voluntary exchanges. 48
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 15.D.1a.

15.D.1b. Know that barter is a type of exchange and that money makes exchange easier. 19
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 15.D.1b.

15.E. Understand the impact of government policies and decisions on production and consumption in the economy.

15.E.1. Identify goods and services provided by government. 19
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 15.E.1.

IL.16. History: Understand events, trends, individuals and movements shaping the history of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

16.A. Apply the skills of historical analysis and interpretation.

16.A.1a. Explain the difference between past, present and future time; place themselves in time. 39
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.A.1a.

16.A.1b. Ask historical questions and seek out answers from historical sources (e.g., myths, biographies, stories, old photographs, artwork, other visual or electronic sources). 43
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.A.1b.

16.A.1c. Describe how people in different times and places viewed the world in different ways. 12
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.A.1c.

16.B. Understand the development of significant political events.

16.B.1a. Local, State, and United States History: Identify key individuals and events in the development of the local community (e.g., Founders days, names of parks, streets, public buildings). 100
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.B.1a.

16.B.1b. Local, State, and United States History: Explain why individuals, groups, issues and events are celebrated with local, state or national holidays or days of recognition (e.g., Lincoln's Birthday, Martin Luther King's Birthday, Pulaski Day, Fourth of July, Memorial Day, Labor Day, Veterans' Day, Thanksgiving). 37
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.B.1b.

16.B.1c. World History: Explain the contributions of individuals and groups who are featured in biographies, legends, folklore and traditions. 26
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.B.1c.

16.C. Understand the development of economic systems.

16.C.1a. Local, State, and United States History: Describe how Native American people in Illinois engaged in economic activities with other tribes and traders in the region prior to the Black Hawk War. 24
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.C.1a.

16.C.1b. Local, State, and United States History: Explain how the economy of the students' local community has changed over time. 43
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.C.1b.

16.C.1c. World History: Identify how people and groups in the past made economic choices (e.g., crops to plant, products to make, products to trade) to survive and improve their lives. 19
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.C.1c.

16.C.1d. World History: Explain how trade among people brought an exchange of ideas, technology and language. 106
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.C.1d.

16.D. Understand Illinois, United States and world social history.

16.D.1a. Local, State, and United States History: Describe key figures and organizations (e.g., fraternal/civic organizations, public service groups, community leaders) in the social history of the local community. 30
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.D.1a.

16.D.1b. World History: Identify how customs and traditions from around the world influence the local community. 84
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.D.1b.

16.E. Understand Illinois, United States and world environmental history.

16.E.1a. Local, State, and United States History: Describe how the local environment has changed over time. 32
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.E.1a.

16.E.1b. World History: Compare depictions of the natural environment that are found in myths, legends, folklore and traditions. 155
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 16.E.1b.

IL.17. Geography: Understand world geography and the effects of geography on society, with an emphasis on the United States.

17.A. Locate, describe and explain places, regions and features on the Earth.

17.A.1a. Identify physical characteristics of places, both local and global (e.g., locations, roads, regions, bodies of water). 35
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 17.A.1a.

17.A.1b. Identify the characteristics and purposes of geographic representations including maps, globes, graphs, photographs, software, digital images and be able to locate specific places using each. 41
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 17.A.1b.

17.B. Analyze and explain characteristics and interactions on the Earth's physical systems.

17.B.1a. Identify components of the Earth's physical systems. 210
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 17.B.1a.

17.B.1b. Describe physical components of ecosystems. 61
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 17.B.1b.

17.C. Understand relationships between geographic factors and society.

17.C.1a. Identify ways people depend on and interact with the physical environment (e.g., farming, fishing, hydroelectric power). 123
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 17.C.1a.

17.C.1b. Identify opportunities and constraints of the physical environment.

17.C.1c. Explain the difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources. 44
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 17.C.1c.

17.D. Understand the historical significance of geography.

17.D.1. Identify changes in geographic characteristics of a local region (e.g., town, community). 25
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 17.D.1.

IL.18. Social Systems: Understand social systems, with an emphasis on the United States.

18.A. Compare characteristics of culture as reflected in language, literature, the arts, traditions and institutions.

18.A.1. Identify folklore from different cultures which became part of the heritage of the United States. 86
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 18.A.1.

18.B. Understand the roles and interactions of individuals and groups in society.

18.B.1a. Compare the roles of individuals in group situations (e.g., student, committee member, employee/employer). 25
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 18.B.1a.

18.B.1b. Identify major social institutions in the community. 43
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 18.B.1b.

18.C. Understand how social systems form and develop over time.

18.C.1. Describe how individuals interacted within groups to make choices regarding food, clothing and shelter. 16
Suggested Titles for Illinois Social Studies State Standard 18.C.1.

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