Common Core

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CC.4.RL. Reading Standards for Literature

4.RL.1. Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. 40
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RL.1.

4.RL.2. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. 68
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RL.2.

4.RL.3. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character's thoughts, words, or actions). 100
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RL.3.

4.RL.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean). 33
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RL.4.

4.RL.5. Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text. 17
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RL.5.

4.RL.6. Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations. 52
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RL.6.

4.RL.7. Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text. 21
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RL.7.

4.RL.8. (Not applicable to literature)

4.RL.9. Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures. 57
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RL.9.

4.RL.10. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. 55
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RL.10.

CC.4.RI. Reading Standards for Informational Text

4.RI.1. Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. 157
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RI.1.

4.RI.2. Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text. 183
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RI.2.

4.RI.3. Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text. 251
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RI.3.

4.RI.4. Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area. 51
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RI.4.

4.RI.5. Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text. 106
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RI.5.

4.RI.6. Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and the information provided. 65
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RI.6.

4.RI.7. Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears. 233
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RI.7.

4.RI.8. Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text. 81
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RI.8.

4.RI.9. Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. 26
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RI.9.

4.RI.10. By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. 84
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RI.10.

CC.4.RF. Reading Standards: Foundational Skills

4.RF.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. 20
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RF.3.

4.RF.3.a. Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context. 18
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RF.3.a.

4.RF.4. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. 35
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RF.4.

4.RF.4.a. Read on-level text with purpose and understanding. 40
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RF.4.a.

4.RF.4.b. Read on-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings. 35
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RF.4.b.

4.RF.4.c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary. 51
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.RF.4.c.

CC.K-5.RT. Range of Text Types for K-5: Students in K-5 apply the Reading standards to the following range of text types, with texts selected from a broad range of cultures and periods.

K-5.RT.1. Stories: Includes children's adventure stories, folktales, legends, fables, fantasy, realistic fiction, and myth 430
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard K-5.RT.1.

K-5.RT.2. Dramas: Includes staged dialogue and brief familiar scenes 26
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard K-5.RT.2.

K-5.RT.3. Poetry: Includes nursery rhymes and the subgenres of the narrative poem, limerick, and free verse poem 64
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard K-5.RT.3.

K-5.RT.4. Literary Nonfiction and Historical, Scientific, and Technical Texts: Includes biographies and autobiographies; books about history, social studies, science, and the arts; technical texts, including directions, forms, and information displayed in graphs, charts, or maps; and digital sources on a range of topics 3039
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard K-5.RT.4.

CC.CCRA-R. College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading

CCRA-R.1. Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text. 22
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-R.1.

CCRA-R.2. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. 60
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-R.2.

CCRA-R.3. Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text. 59
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-R.3.

CCRA-R.4. Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone. 53
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-R.4.

CCRA-R.5. Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole. 68
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-R.5.

CCRA-R.6. Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text. 51
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-R.6.

CCRA-R.7. Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words. 32
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-R.7.

CCRA-R.8. Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence. 13
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-R.8.

CCRA-R.9. Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take. 80
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-R.9.

CCRA-R.10. Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently. 41
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-R.10.

CC.4.W. Writing Standards

4.W.1. Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.

4.W.1.a. Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer's purpose. 30
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.1.a.

4.W.1.b. Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details. 16
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.1.b.

4.W.1.c. Link opinion and reasons using words and phrases (e.g., for instance, in order to, in addition). 9
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.1.c.

4.W.1.d. Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented. 20
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.1.d.

4.W.2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

4.W.2.a. Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. 6
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.2.a.

4.W.2.b. Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic. 15
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.2.b.

4.W.2.c. Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases (e.g., another, for example, also, because). 8
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.2.c.

4.W.2.d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. 35
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.2.d.

4.W.2.e. Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented. 20
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.2.e.

4.W.3. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

4.W.3.a. Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally. 28
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.3.a.

4.W.3.b. Use dialogue and description to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations. 23
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.3.b.

4.W.3.c. Use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events. 8
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.3.c.

4.W.3.d. Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely. 16
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.3.d.

4.W.3.e. Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events. 22
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.3.e.

4.W.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.) 22
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.4.

4.W.5. With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing. 30
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.5.

4.W.6. With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of one page in a single sitting. 34
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.6.

4.W.7. Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. 23
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.7.

4.W.8. Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources. 19
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.8.

4.W.9. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. 28
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.9.

4.W.9.a. Apply grade 4 reading standards to literature (e.g., ''Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text [e.g., a character's thoughts, words, or actions].''). 21
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.9.a.

4.W.9.b. Apply grade 4 reading standards to informational texts (e.g., ''Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text''). 21
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.9.b.

4.W.10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences. 20
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.W.10.

CC.CCRA-W. College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Writing

CCRA-W.1. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence. 28
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-W.1.

CCRA-W.2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content. 26
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-W.2.

CCRA-W.3. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences. 23
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-W.3.

CCRA-W.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. 17
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-W.4.

CCRA-W.5. Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach. 9
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-W.5.

CCRA-W.6. Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and to interact and collaborate with others. 14
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-W.6.

CCRA-W.7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation. 19
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-W.7.

CCRA-W.8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism. 31
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-W.8.

CCRA-W.9. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. 12
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-W.9.

CCRA-W.10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences. 24
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-W.10.

CC.4.SL. Speaking and Listening Standards

4.SL.1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.

4.SL.1.a. Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion. 17
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.SL.1.a.

4.SL.1.b. Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and carry out assigned roles. 5
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.SL.1.b.

4.SL.1.c. Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others. 18
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.SL.1.c.

4.SL.1.d. Review the key ideas expressed and explain their own ideas and understanding in light of the discussion. 16
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.SL.1.d.

4.SL.2. Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally. 34
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.SL.2.

4.SL.3. Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points. 14
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.SL.3.

4.SL.4. Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace. 14
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.SL.4.

4.SL.5. Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes. 25
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.SL.5.

4.SL.6. Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion); use formal English when appropriate to task and situation. 15
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.SL.6.

CC.CCRA-SL. College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Speaking and Listening

CCRA-SL.1. Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively. 15
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-SL.1.

CCRA-SL.2. Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally. 29
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-SL.2.

CCRA-SL.3. Evaluate a speaker's point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric. 13
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-SL.3.

CCRA-SL.4. Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. 9
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-SL.4.

CCRA-SL.5. Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations. 15
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-SL.5.

CCRA-SL.6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. 14
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-SL.6.

CC.4.L. Language Standards

4.L.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

4.L.1.a. Use relative pronouns (who, whose, whom, which, that) and relative adverbs (where, when, why). 17
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.1.a.

4.L.1.b. Form and use the progressive (e.g., I was walking; I am walking; I will be walking) verb tenses. 7
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.1.b.

4.L.1.c. Use modal auxiliaries (e.g., can, may, must) to convey various conditions. 13
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.1.c.

4.L.1.d. Order adjectives within sentences according to conventional patterns (e.g., a small red bag rather than a red small bag). 7
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.1.d.

4.L.1.e. Form and use prepositional phrases. 5
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.1.e.

4.L.1.f. Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons. 9
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.1.f.

4.L.1.g. Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to, too, two; there, their). 6
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.1.g.

4.L.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

4.L.2.a. Use correct capitalization. 8
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.2.a.

4.L.2.b. Use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text. 13
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.2.b.

4.L.2.c. Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence. 10
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.2.c.

4.L.2.d. Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed. 23
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.2.d.

4.L.3. Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

4.L.3.a. Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely. 16
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.3.a.

4.L.3.b. Choose punctuation for effect. 30
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.3.b.

4.L.3.c. Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion). 10
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.3.c.

4.L.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

4.L.4.a. Use context (e.g., definitions, examples, or restatements in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. 22
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.4.a.

4.L.4.b. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., telegraph, photograph, autograph). 19
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.4.b.

4.L.4.c. Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases. 25
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.4.c.

4.L.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

4.L.5.a. Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context. 13
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.5.a.

4.L.5.b. Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs. 29
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.5.b.

4.L.5.c. Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms). 10
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.5.c.

4.L.6. Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation). 26
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard 4.L.6.

CC.CCRA-L. College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Language

CCRA-L.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. 11
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-L.1.

CCRA-L.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. 14
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-L.2.

CCRA-L.3. Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening. 21
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-L.3.

CCRA-L.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing meaningful word parts, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate. 29
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-L.4.

CCRA-L.5. Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings. 31
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-L.5.

CCRA-L.6. Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression. 31
Suggested Titles for Common Core Language Arts State Standard CCRA-L.6.